Research Output per year
This project examined a DRR process on the island of Simeulue in Indonesia which was sustained for 100 years, saving the entire population of 80,000 lives in 2004. The research involved extensive interviews with tsunami survivors in villages around the island. A combination of Grounded Theory and narrative theory analyses revealed a pattern of cultural practices that engendered strong personal commitments to appropriate disaster response behaviours.
The findings indicate a ‘soft power’ strategy where highly influential family and village members sustained a narrative tradition about ‘smong’ – (tsunami in Simeulue’s language). These influential people are not village potentates but rather respected older citizens and especially grandmothers. The narrative is combined with music including lullabies and ‘nandong’ folk songs.
The net effect of these practices is to provoke sustained emotional connection with past disasters and clear risk perceptions of possible future events.
All of this lay hidden ‘under the radar’ and despite the ’Simeulue strategy’ being known to authorities in Indonesia and elsewhere, government risk communications continue with the same ‘top down’ broadcast model. Some alternative approaches derived from Simeulue are suggested.
|Effective start/end date||1/01/15 → …|
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding › Chapter
Research output: Contribution to journal › Conference article
True, but trival? The value of grass-roots cultural local stories and songs as effective DRR strategy on Simaleu, IndonesiaSutton, S. A., Buergelt, P., Paton, D. & Sagala, S., Oct 2018, p. 94-95. 2 p.
Research output: Contribution to conference › Conference paper presented at Conference (not in Proceedings)