A Multidirectional LSTM Model for Predicting the Stability of a Smart Grid

Mamoun Alazab, Suleman Khan, Somayaji Siva Rama Krishnan, Quoc Viet Pham, M. Praveen Kumar Reddy, Thippa Reddy Gadekallu

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Abstract

The grid denotes the electric grid which consists of communication lines, control stations, transformers, and distributors that aids in supplying power from the electrical plant to the consumers. Presently, the electric grid constitutes humongous power production units which generates millions of megawatts of power distributed across several demographic regions. There is a dire need to efficiently manage this power supplied to the various consumer domains such as industries, smart cities, household and organizations. In this regard, a smart grid with intelligent systems is being deployed to cater the dynamic power requirements. A smart grid system follows the Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) model, in which Information Technology (IT) infrastructure is integrated with physical systems. In the scenario of the smart grid embedded with CPS, the Machine Learning (ML) module is the IT aspect and the power dissipation units are the physical entities. In this research, a novel Multidirectional Long Short-Term Memory (MLSTM) technique is being proposed to predict the stability of the smart grid network. The results obtained are evaluated against other popular Deep Learning approaches such as Gated Recurrent Units (GRU), traditional LSTM and Recurrent Neural Networks (RNN). The experimental results prove that the MLSTM approach outperforms the other ML approaches.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9079864
Pages (from-to)85454-85463
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Access
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Apr 2020

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    Alazab, M., Khan, S., Krishnan, S. S. R., Pham, Q. V., Reddy, M. P. K., & Gadekallu, T. R. (2020). A Multidirectional LSTM Model for Predicting the Stability of a Smart Grid. IEEE Access, 8, 85454-85463. [9079864]. https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2020.2991067