A Practical and Reflexive Liberal-Humanist Approach to International Mindedness in International Schools: Case Studies from Malaysia and Brunei

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This article explores the response to cultural diversity and international mindedness at international schools in Malaysia and Brunei. It shows that the curriculum at these schools is set within a liberal-humanist framework, which some might suggest facilitates the project of `Westernization'. It argues, however, that under the (local) circumstances in which the schools are set, this liberal-humanist framing, despite its limitations, is perhaps the most effective approach to the achievement of international mindedness.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-76
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Research in International Education
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2008
Externally publishedYes


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