A retrospective study of tuberculosis outcomes in Gulf Province, Papua New Guinea

Moses Laman, Stephanie Main, Robert Commons, B. Robertson, A. Mek, M. Gale

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Setting: Gulf Province, a rural area of mainland Papua New Guinea, is known to have one of the highest burdens of tuberculosis (TB) in the country.

    Objectives: To describe the characteristics and outcomes of TB patients registered for first-line treatment in Kerema General Hospital in Gulf Province between January and December 2016.

    Design: This was a retrospective cohort study using routinely collected programme data.

    Results: Of 347 cases with a recorded TB site, 54% were male and 32% were aged 15 years. No human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) status was recorded for 51% of cases. TB was bacteriologically confirmed in 23% ofcases. Among the cohort, there were 145 extrapulmonary TB cases (42%); the site of disease was unknown in 56% of these cases. Of the 297 cases with treatment outcome evaluated, 56% had a favourable outcome and 26% were lost to follow-up. On multivariable analysis, extrapulmonary TB (adjusted OR [aOR] 0.51, 95%CI 0.30–0.88, P = 0.02) and bacteriologically confirmed TB (aOR 0.40, 95%CI 0.21–0.77, P <0.01) were associated withdecreased odds of an unfavourable treatment outcome.

    Conclusion: The study findings highlight the need to improve TB diagnosis, access to HIV testing, treatment adherence, patient support and the quality of TB programme data in Gulf Province.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)S38-S42
    Number of pages5
    JournalPublic Health Action
    Volume9
    Issue numberSupplement 1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 21 Sep 2019

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    Laman, M., Main, S., Commons, R., Robertson, B., Mek, A., & Gale, M. (2019). A retrospective study of tuberculosis outcomes in Gulf Province, Papua New Guinea. Public Health Action, 9(Supplement 1), S38-S42. https://doi.org/10.5588/pha.18.0069