A short-term decrease in household income inequality in the Sundarbans, Bangladesh, following Cyclone Aila

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Cyclones are the most common natural disaster in Bangladesh. Here, we assess the economic impact of a relatively small cyclone, Cyclone Aila, which hit the Sundarbans region in 2009 and destroyed local infrastructure including many shrimp farms. In contrast to other studies, we found that the higher-income households in the study area (Koyra sub-district) were more vulnerable in both relative and absolute terms. The average damage costs for high income households were 42 % of the yearly income before Aila, whereas this was only 16 and 15 % for middle- and low-income groups, respectively. Higher-income households were also less resilient than middle- and low-income groups, also something rarely reported in the literature. By engaging in new opportunities, the poorest households, by our calculations, increased their income by 16 % compared to their income before Aila. Middle income households decreased their income slightly (by 4 %), while the income of the richest households dropped by about 50 % after the cyclone. Income was more equally distributed across the population after the cyclone than it was before, in particular in the highly and severely affected areas.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1103-1123
    Number of pages21
    JournalNatural Hazards
    Volume83
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2016

    Fingerprint

    household income
    cyclone
    income
    natural disaster
    economic impact
    infrastructure
    farm
    damage
    cost

    Cite this

    @article{69d9853e74604574a4562456097a8b7e,
    title = "A short-term decrease in household income inequality in the Sundarbans, Bangladesh, following Cyclone Aila",
    abstract = "Cyclones are the most common natural disaster in Bangladesh. Here, we assess the economic impact of a relatively small cyclone, Cyclone Aila, which hit the Sundarbans region in 2009 and destroyed local infrastructure including many shrimp farms. In contrast to other studies, we found that the higher-income households in the study area (Koyra sub-district) were more vulnerable in both relative and absolute terms. The average damage costs for high income households were 42 {\%} of the yearly income before Aila, whereas this was only 16 and 15 {\%} for middle- and low-income groups, respectively. Higher-income households were also less resilient than middle- and low-income groups, also something rarely reported in the literature. By engaging in new opportunities, the poorest households, by our calculations, increased their income by 16 {\%} compared to their income before Aila. Middle income households decreased their income slightly (by 4 {\%}), while the income of the richest households dropped by about 50 {\%} after the cyclone. Income was more equally distributed across the population after the cyclone than it was before, in particular in the highly and severely affected areas.",
    author = "Abu Abdullah and Kerstin Zander and Bronwyn Myers and Stacey, {Natasha Ellen Tanya} and Stephen Garnett",
    year = "2016",
    month = "9",
    doi = "10.1007/s11069-016-2358-1",
    language = "English",
    volume = "83",
    pages = "1103--1123",
    journal = "Natural Hazards",
    issn = "0921-030X",
    publisher = "Springer",
    number = "2",

    }

    A short-term decrease in household income inequality in the Sundarbans, Bangladesh, following Cyclone Aila. / Abdullah, Abu; Zander, Kerstin; Myers, Bronwyn; Stacey, Natasha Ellen Tanya; Garnett, Stephen.

    In: Natural Hazards, Vol. 83, No. 2, 09.2016, p. 1103-1123.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - A short-term decrease in household income inequality in the Sundarbans, Bangladesh, following Cyclone Aila

    AU - Abdullah, Abu

    AU - Zander, Kerstin

    AU - Myers, Bronwyn

    AU - Stacey, Natasha Ellen Tanya

    AU - Garnett, Stephen

    PY - 2016/9

    Y1 - 2016/9

    N2 - Cyclones are the most common natural disaster in Bangladesh. Here, we assess the economic impact of a relatively small cyclone, Cyclone Aila, which hit the Sundarbans region in 2009 and destroyed local infrastructure including many shrimp farms. In contrast to other studies, we found that the higher-income households in the study area (Koyra sub-district) were more vulnerable in both relative and absolute terms. The average damage costs for high income households were 42 % of the yearly income before Aila, whereas this was only 16 and 15 % for middle- and low-income groups, respectively. Higher-income households were also less resilient than middle- and low-income groups, also something rarely reported in the literature. By engaging in new opportunities, the poorest households, by our calculations, increased their income by 16 % compared to their income before Aila. Middle income households decreased their income slightly (by 4 %), while the income of the richest households dropped by about 50 % after the cyclone. Income was more equally distributed across the population after the cyclone than it was before, in particular in the highly and severely affected areas.

    AB - Cyclones are the most common natural disaster in Bangladesh. Here, we assess the economic impact of a relatively small cyclone, Cyclone Aila, which hit the Sundarbans region in 2009 and destroyed local infrastructure including many shrimp farms. In contrast to other studies, we found that the higher-income households in the study area (Koyra sub-district) were more vulnerable in both relative and absolute terms. The average damage costs for high income households were 42 % of the yearly income before Aila, whereas this was only 16 and 15 % for middle- and low-income groups, respectively. Higher-income households were also less resilient than middle- and low-income groups, also something rarely reported in the literature. By engaging in new opportunities, the poorest households, by our calculations, increased their income by 16 % compared to their income before Aila. Middle income households decreased their income slightly (by 4 %), while the income of the richest households dropped by about 50 % after the cyclone. Income was more equally distributed across the population after the cyclone than it was before, in particular in the highly and severely affected areas.

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84980413831&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1007/s11069-016-2358-1

    DO - 10.1007/s11069-016-2358-1

    M3 - Article

    VL - 83

    SP - 1103

    EP - 1123

    JO - Natural Hazards

    JF - Natural Hazards

    SN - 0921-030X

    IS - 2

    ER -