In this digital age, we are observing an exponential proliferation of sophisticated hardware-and software-based solutions that are able to interact with the users at almost every sensitive aspect of our lives, collecting and analysing a range of data about us. These data, or the derived information out of it, are often too personal to fall into unwanted hands, and thus users are almost always wary of the privacy of such private data that are being continuously collected through these digital mediums. To further complicate the issue, the infringement cases of such databanks are on a sharp rise. Several frameworks have been devised in various parts of the globe to safeguard the issue of data privacy; in parallel, constant research is also being conducted on closing the loopholes within these frameworks. This study aimed to analyse the contemporary privacy by design frameworks to identify the key limitations. Seven contemporary privacy by design frameworks were examined in-depth in this research that was based on a systematic literature review. The result, targeted at the healthcare sector, is expected to produce a high degree of fortification against data breaches in the personal information domain.