The relationship between increased hemodialysis hours and patient outcomes remains unclear. We randomized (1:1) 200 adult recipients of standard maintenance hemodialysis from in-center and home-based hemodialysis programs to extendedweekly ($24 hours) or standard (target 12-15 hours, maximum18 hours) hemodialysis hours for 12 months. The primary outcome was change in quality of life from baseline assessed by the EuroQol 5 dimension instrument (3 level) (EQ-5D). Secondary outcomes included medication usage, clinical laboratory values, vascular access events, and change in left ventricularmass index. At 12months, median weekly hemodialysis hours were 24.0 (interquartile range, 23.6-24.0) and 12.0 (interquartile range, 12.0-16.0) in the extended and standard groups, respectively. Change in EQ-5D score at study end did not differ between groups (mean difference, 0.04 [95% confidence interval, 20.03 to 0.11]; P=0.29). Extended hours were associated with lower phosphate and potassium levels and higher hemoglobin levels. Blood pressure (BP) did not differ between groups at study end. Extended hourswere associatedwith fewer BP-lowering agents and phosphate-bindingmedications, but were not associated with erythropoietin dosing. In a substudy with 95 patients,wedetected no differencebetween groups in left ventricularmass index (meandifference,26.0 [95%confidenceinterval,214.8 to 2.7]g/m2;P=0.18).Fivedeaths occurred in the extended group and two in the standard group (P=0.44); two participants in each group withdrew consent. Similar numbers of patients experienced vascular access events in the twogroups. Thus, extendingweekly hemodialysis hours did not alter overall EQ-5D quality of life score, but was associated with improvement in some laboratory parameters and reductions in medication burden. (Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT00649298).
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2017|