Accuracy of clinical risk scores in predicting post-rtPA intracerebral hemorrhage in a Thai cohort

A. Suengtaworn, G. Saposnik, C. P. Hurst, N. Poungvarin, Y. Nilanont

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Objective: Several prediction scores for post-rtPA symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (SICH) have been developed based on western datasets. The authors compared the accuracy of eight clinical risk scores to predict post-rtPA SICH in the Thai population. 

Materials and Methods: The authors applied eight risk scores to a retrospective cohort of acute ischemic stroke patients who received IV rtPA between 2005 and 2015 in a tertiary care center (Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Thailand). The main outcomes were SICH defined according to the ECASSII and the NINDS definitions. All risk scores were then compared using ROC curve, sensitivity, specificity, NPV and PPV, and the LR+ and LR–. 

Results: Four hundred five patients were included. The rates of SICH-ECASSII and SICH-NINDS definition were 7.1% and 11.1%, respectively. Among the eight risk scores, the DRAGON score, the HAT score, and the GRASPS score were the three best scores for predicting by SICH-ECASSII definition. The DRAGON score achieved 66% sensitivity and 58% specificity (AUC 0.60, PPV 11%, NPV 96%, LR+ 1.56, LR– 0.59), the HAT score had 72% sensitivity, 50% specificity (AUC 0.65), while GRASPS score reached 79% sensitivity, but only 40% specificity (AUC 0.63). 

Conclusion: The present study demonstrates that the existing SICH risk scores did not perform well in the studied population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)540-546
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Medical Association of Thailand
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2019
Externally publishedYes


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