Achieving salt restriction in chronic kidney disease

Emma J. McMahon, Katrina L. Campbell, David W. Mudge, Judith D. Bauer

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    Abstract

    There is consistent evidence linking excessive dietary sodium intake to risk factors for cardiovascular disease and chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression in CKD patients; however, additional research is needed. In research trials and clinical practice, implementing and monitoring sodium intake present significant challenges. Epidemiological studies have shown that sodium intake remains high, and intervention studies have reported varied success with participant adherence to a sodium-restricted diet. Examining barriers to sodium restriction, as well as factors that predict adherence to a low sodium diet, can aid researchers and clinicians in implementing a sodium-restricted diet. In this paper, we critically review methods for measuring sodium intake with a specific focus on CKD patients, appraise dietary adherence, and factors that have optimized sodium restriction in key research trials and discuss barriers to sodium restriction and factors that must be considered when recommending a sodium-restricted diet.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number720429
    Pages (from-to)1-11
    Number of pages11
    JournalInternational Journal of Nephrology
    Volume2012
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

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  • Cite this

    McMahon, E. J., Campbell, K. L., Mudge, D. W., & Bauer, J. D. (2012). Achieving salt restriction in chronic kidney disease. International Journal of Nephrology, 2012, 1-11. [720429]. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/720429