Adaptive Avoidance of Reef Noise

Stephen Simpson, Andrew Radford, Edward Tickle, Mark Meekan, Andrew Jeffs

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    Abstract

    Auditory information is widely used throughout the animal kingdom in both terrestrial and aquatic environments. Some marine species are dependent on reefs for adult survival and reproduction, and are known to use reef noise to guide orientation towards suitable habitat. Many others that forage in food-rich inshore waters would, however, benefit from avoiding the high density of predators resident on reefs, but nothing is known about whether acoustic cues are used in this context.

    By analysing a sample of nearly 700,000 crustaceans, caught during experimental playbacks in light traps in the Great Barrier Reef lagoon, we demonstrate an auditory capability in a broad suite of previously neglected taxa, and provide the first evidence in any marine organisms that reef noise can act as a deterrent. In contrast to the larvae of species that require reef habitat for future success, which showed an attraction to broadcasted reef noise, taxa with a pelagic or nocturnally emergent lifestyle actively avoided it.

    Our results suggest that a far greater range of invertebrate taxa than previously thought can respond to acoustic cues, emphasising yet further the potential negative impact of globally increasing levels of underwater anthropogenic noise.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere16625
    Pages (from-to)1-5
    Number of pages5
    JournalPLoS One
    Volume6
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 4 Feb 2011

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    Simpson, S., Radford, A., Tickle, E., Meekan, M., & Jeffs, A. (2011). Adaptive Avoidance of Reef Noise. PLoS One, 6(2), 1-5. [e16625]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0016625