AFFIRM: Provably Forward Privacy for Searchable Encryption in Cooperative Intelligent Transportation System

Ke Wang, Chien Ming Chen, Mohammad Shojafar, Zhuoyu Tie, Mamoun Alazab, Saru Kumari

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    With the construction of intelligent transportation, big data with heterogeneous, multi-source and massive characteristics has become an important carrier of cooperative intelligent transportation systems (C-ITS) and plays an important role. Big data in C-ITS can break through the restrictions between regions and entities and then learning cooperatively by sharing data. In addition, the combined efficiency and information integration advantages of big data are conducive to the construction of a comprehensive and three-dimensional traffic information system and can enhance traffic prediction. However, such substantial sensitive data, mainly on the cloud infrastructure, exposes several vulnerabilities like data leakages and privacy breaks, especially when data is shared for cooperative learning purposes. To address this, this paper proposes a forward privacy-preserving scheme, named AFFIRM, for multi-party encrypted sample alignment adopting cooperative learning in C-ITS. By introducing the searchable encryption method, we realize the sample alignment of cooperative learning in the multi-party encrypted data space. AFFIRM ensures encrypted sample alignment under the condition of forward privacy security. We have formally proved that the proposed scheme satisfies both forward security and validity. We have assessed AFFIRM by validating the potential threat of malicious tampering by privacy attackers and malicious personnel search for the aligned sample data and verify it. Finally, we numerically tested and compared AFFIRM against the corresponding ones of some state-of-the-art schemes under various record sizes, servers and processing.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)22607-22618
    Number of pages12
    JournalIEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems
    Issue number11
    Early online date2022
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2022


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