Age-related shifts in the diet composition of southern elephant seals expand overall foraging niche

Iain Field, Corey Bradshaw, J Vandenhoff, H Burton, Mark Hindell

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Southern elephant seals are important apex predators in a highly variable and unpredictable marine environment. In the presence of resource limitation, foraging behaviours evolve to reduce intra-specific competition increasing a species' overall probability of successful foraging. We examined the diet of 141 (aged 1-3 years) juvenile southern elephant seals to test the hypotheses that differences between ages, sexes and seasons in diet structure occur. We described prey species composition for common squid and fish species and the mean size of cephalopod prey items for these age groups. Three cephalopod species dominated the stomach samples, Alluroteuthis antarcticus, Histioteuthis eltaninae and Slosarczykovia circumantarcticus. We found age-related differences in both species composition and size of larger prey species that probably relate to ontogenetic changes in diving ability and haul-out behaviour and prey availability. These changes in foraging behaviour and diet are hypothesised to reduce intra-specific food competition concomitant with the increase in foraging niche of growing juveniles. � 2006 Springer-Verlag.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1441-1452
    Number of pages12
    JournalMarine Biology
    Volume150
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 2007

    Fingerprint

    Mirounga leonina
    elephant
    niche
    niches
    foraging
    diet
    Cephalopoda
    cephalopod
    foraging behavior
    species diversity
    intraspecific competition
    squid
    age-related difference
    marine environment
    stomach
    prey availability
    diving
    predators
    gender
    fish

    Cite this

    Field, I., Bradshaw, C., Vandenhoff, J., Burton, H., & Hindell, M. (2007). Age-related shifts in the diet composition of southern elephant seals expand overall foraging niche. Marine Biology, 150(6), 1441-1452.
    Field, Iain ; Bradshaw, Corey ; Vandenhoff, J ; Burton, H ; Hindell, Mark. / Age-related shifts in the diet composition of southern elephant seals expand overall foraging niche. In: Marine Biology. 2007 ; Vol. 150, No. 6. pp. 1441-1452.
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    abstract = "Southern elephant seals are important apex predators in a highly variable and unpredictable marine environment. In the presence of resource limitation, foraging behaviours evolve to reduce intra-specific competition increasing a species' overall probability of successful foraging. We examined the diet of 141 (aged 1-3 years) juvenile southern elephant seals to test the hypotheses that differences between ages, sexes and seasons in diet structure occur. We described prey species composition for common squid and fish species and the mean size of cephalopod prey items for these age groups. Three cephalopod species dominated the stomach samples, Alluroteuthis antarcticus, Histioteuthis eltaninae and Slosarczykovia circumantarcticus. We found age-related differences in both species composition and size of larger prey species that probably relate to ontogenetic changes in diving ability and haul-out behaviour and prey availability. These changes in foraging behaviour and diet are hypothesised to reduce intra-specific food competition concomitant with the increase in foraging niche of growing juveniles. � 2006 Springer-Verlag.",
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    Field, I, Bradshaw, C, Vandenhoff, J, Burton, H & Hindell, M 2007, 'Age-related shifts in the diet composition of southern elephant seals expand overall foraging niche', Marine Biology, vol. 150, no. 6, pp. 1441-1452.

    Age-related shifts in the diet composition of southern elephant seals expand overall foraging niche. / Field, Iain; Bradshaw, Corey; Vandenhoff, J; Burton, H; Hindell, Mark.

    In: Marine Biology, Vol. 150, No. 6, 2007, p. 1441-1452.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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    AU - Field, Iain

    AU - Bradshaw, Corey

    AU - Vandenhoff, J

    AU - Burton, H

    AU - Hindell, Mark

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    N2 - Southern elephant seals are important apex predators in a highly variable and unpredictable marine environment. In the presence of resource limitation, foraging behaviours evolve to reduce intra-specific competition increasing a species' overall probability of successful foraging. We examined the diet of 141 (aged 1-3 years) juvenile southern elephant seals to test the hypotheses that differences between ages, sexes and seasons in diet structure occur. We described prey species composition for common squid and fish species and the mean size of cephalopod prey items for these age groups. Three cephalopod species dominated the stomach samples, Alluroteuthis antarcticus, Histioteuthis eltaninae and Slosarczykovia circumantarcticus. We found age-related differences in both species composition and size of larger prey species that probably relate to ontogenetic changes in diving ability and haul-out behaviour and prey availability. These changes in foraging behaviour and diet are hypothesised to reduce intra-specific food competition concomitant with the increase in foraging niche of growing juveniles. � 2006 Springer-Verlag.

    AB - Southern elephant seals are important apex predators in a highly variable and unpredictable marine environment. In the presence of resource limitation, foraging behaviours evolve to reduce intra-specific competition increasing a species' overall probability of successful foraging. We examined the diet of 141 (aged 1-3 years) juvenile southern elephant seals to test the hypotheses that differences between ages, sexes and seasons in diet structure occur. We described prey species composition for common squid and fish species and the mean size of cephalopod prey items for these age groups. Three cephalopod species dominated the stomach samples, Alluroteuthis antarcticus, Histioteuthis eltaninae and Slosarczykovia circumantarcticus. We found age-related differences in both species composition and size of larger prey species that probably relate to ontogenetic changes in diving ability and haul-out behaviour and prey availability. These changes in foraging behaviour and diet are hypothesised to reduce intra-specific food competition concomitant with the increase in foraging niche of growing juveniles. � 2006 Springer-Verlag.

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    KW - Alluroteuthis antarcticus

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    Field I, Bradshaw C, Vandenhoff J, Burton H, Hindell M. Age-related shifts in the diet composition of southern elephant seals expand overall foraging niche. Marine Biology. 2007;150(6):1441-1452.