Boomtowns are places where populations grow rapidly, mostly as a result of large-scale natural resource developments. Increases in alcohol consumption and alcohol-fuelled violence are often linked to influxes of (predominantly male) workers associated with such developments. This article provides an integrated review of literature concerning alcohol and violence in boomtowns. The authors aim to understand the links between these issues and explore how negative impacts have been addressed. New learning from the review is considered in the context of Darwin, a newly booming city in Australia's Northern Territory. The authors find that although alcohol-related violence is likely to increase, there is limited literature concerning the prevention or mitigation of negative impacts in boomtown contexts. The need for research, planning, and policy making involving all stakeholders is highlighted.