An amphibious Bryozoan from living mangrove leaves - Amphibiobeania new genus (Beaniidae)

Kristin Metcalfe, DP Gordon, E Hayward

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

Abstract

Amphibiobeania epiphylia is a new, monotypic taxon of Beaniidae (Cheilostomata) from Darwin, Northern Territory. It is unique among the 6,000 living species of Bryozoa in that it encrusts mainly living tree leaves (chiefly the mangrove Rhizophora stylosa). The consequence of living in such a specialized habitat is that colonies are emergent (subaerial) for a significant part of the tidal cycle-around 12 of every 24 hours during spring tides and for several days during neap tides. Desiccation is prevented or minimized by the high humidity of the habitat and a cohesive coating of silt covering the colony. Zooids are weakly calcified and lie alternately on their left and right sides in a lineal series, with opercula displaced to the outer corner of the distal zooidal rim. Organisms associated with A. epiphylia include a colony-damaging ceratopogonid (Diptera) larva and a tarsonemid mite that may use dead zooidal interiors, beneath the silt crust, for shelter.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)563-570
Number of pages8
JournalZoological Science
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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