An objective study of acid reflux and cough in children using an ambulatory pHmetry-cough logger

Anne Chang, F Connor, Helen Petsky, M Eastburn, P Lewindon, C Hall, S Wilson, Peter Katelaris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Objective: There are no objective ambulatory studies on the temporal relationship between reflux and cough in children. Commercial pHmetry loggers have slow capture rates (0.25 Hz) that limit objective quantification of reflux and cough. The authors aimed to evaluate if there is a temporal association between cough and acid pH in ambulatory children with chronic cough.

Design, setting and patients: The authors studied children (aged <14 years) with chronic cough, suspected of acid reflux and considered for pHmetry using a specifically built ambulatory pHmetry-cough logger that enabled the simultaneous ambulatory recording of cough and pH with a fast (10 Hz) capture rate.

Main outcome measures: Coughs within (before and after) 10, 30, 60 and 120 s of a reflux episode (pH<4 for >0.5 s). Results: Analysis of 5628 coughs in 20 children. Most coughs (83.9%) were independent of a reflux event. Cough-reflux (median 19, IQR 3-45) and reflux-cough (24.5, 13-51) sequences were equally likely to occur within 120 s. Within the 10 and 30 s time frame, reflux-cough (10 s=median 2.5, IQR 0-7.25; 30 s=6.5, 1.25-22.25) sequences were significantly less frequent than reflux-no cough (10 s=27, IQR 15-65; 30 s=24.5, 14.5-55.5) sequences, (p=0.0001 and p=0.001, respectively). No differences were found for 60 and 120 s time frame. Cough-reflux sequence (median 1.0, IQR 0-8) within 10 s was significantly less (p=0.0001) than no cough-reflux sequences (median 29.5, 15-67), within 30 s (p=0.006) and 60 s (p=0.048) but not within 120 s (p=0.47).

Conclusions: In children with chronic cough and suspected of having gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, the temporal relationship between acid reflux and cough is unlikely causal.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)468-472
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Disease in Childhood
Volume96
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2011

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Cough
Acids
Esophageal Diseases
Gastroesophageal Reflux

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Chang, Anne ; Connor, F ; Petsky, Helen ; Eastburn, M ; Lewindon, P ; Hall, C ; Wilson, S ; Katelaris, Peter. / An objective study of acid reflux and cough in children using an ambulatory pHmetry-cough logger. In: Archives of Disease in Childhood. 2011 ; Vol. 96, No. 5. pp. 468-472.
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abstract = "Objective: There are no objective ambulatory studies on the temporal relationship between reflux and cough in children. Commercial pHmetry loggers have slow capture rates (0.25 Hz) that limit objective quantification of reflux and cough. The authors aimed to evaluate if there is a temporal association between cough and acid pH in ambulatory children with chronic cough. Design, setting and patients: The authors studied children (aged <14 years) with chronic cough, suspected of acid reflux and considered for pHmetry using a specifically built ambulatory pHmetry-cough logger that enabled the simultaneous ambulatory recording of cough and pH with a fast (10 Hz) capture rate. Main outcome measures: Coughs within (before and after) 10, 30, 60 and 120 s of a reflux episode (pH<4 for >0.5 s). Results: Analysis of 5628 coughs in 20 children. Most coughs (83.9{\%}) were independent of a reflux event. Cough-reflux (median 19, IQR 3-45) and reflux-cough (24.5, 13-51) sequences were equally likely to occur within 120 s. Within the 10 and 30 s time frame, reflux-cough (10 s=median 2.5, IQR 0-7.25; 30 s=6.5, 1.25-22.25) sequences were significantly less frequent than reflux-no cough (10 s=27, IQR 15-65; 30 s=24.5, 14.5-55.5) sequences, (p=0.0001 and p=0.001, respectively). No differences were found for 60 and 120 s time frame. Cough-reflux sequence (median 1.0, IQR 0-8) within 10 s was significantly less (p=0.0001) than no cough-reflux sequences (median 29.5, 15-67), within 30 s (p=0.006) and 60 s (p=0.048) but not within 120 s (p=0.47). Conclusions: In children with chronic cough and suspected of having gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, the temporal relationship between acid reflux and cough is unlikely causal.",
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Chang, A, Connor, F, Petsky, H, Eastburn, M, Lewindon, P, Hall, C, Wilson, S & Katelaris, P 2011, 'An objective study of acid reflux and cough in children using an ambulatory pHmetry-cough logger', Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol. 96, no. 5, pp. 468-472. https://doi.org/10.1136/adc.2009.177733

An objective study of acid reflux and cough in children using an ambulatory pHmetry-cough logger. / Chang, Anne; Connor, F; Petsky, Helen; Eastburn, M; Lewindon, P; Hall, C; Wilson, S; Katelaris, Peter.

In: Archives of Disease in Childhood, Vol. 96, No. 5, 05.2011, p. 468-472.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - An objective study of acid reflux and cough in children using an ambulatory pHmetry-cough logger

AU - Chang, Anne

AU - Connor, F

AU - Petsky, Helen

AU - Eastburn, M

AU - Lewindon, P

AU - Hall, C

AU - Wilson, S

AU - Katelaris, Peter

PY - 2011/5

Y1 - 2011/5

N2 - Objective: There are no objective ambulatory studies on the temporal relationship between reflux and cough in children. Commercial pHmetry loggers have slow capture rates (0.25 Hz) that limit objective quantification of reflux and cough. The authors aimed to evaluate if there is a temporal association between cough and acid pH in ambulatory children with chronic cough. Design, setting and patients: The authors studied children (aged <14 years) with chronic cough, suspected of acid reflux and considered for pHmetry using a specifically built ambulatory pHmetry-cough logger that enabled the simultaneous ambulatory recording of cough and pH with a fast (10 Hz) capture rate. Main outcome measures: Coughs within (before and after) 10, 30, 60 and 120 s of a reflux episode (pH<4 for >0.5 s). Results: Analysis of 5628 coughs in 20 children. Most coughs (83.9%) were independent of a reflux event. Cough-reflux (median 19, IQR 3-45) and reflux-cough (24.5, 13-51) sequences were equally likely to occur within 120 s. Within the 10 and 30 s time frame, reflux-cough (10 s=median 2.5, IQR 0-7.25; 30 s=6.5, 1.25-22.25) sequences were significantly less frequent than reflux-no cough (10 s=27, IQR 15-65; 30 s=24.5, 14.5-55.5) sequences, (p=0.0001 and p=0.001, respectively). No differences were found for 60 and 120 s time frame. Cough-reflux sequence (median 1.0, IQR 0-8) within 10 s was significantly less (p=0.0001) than no cough-reflux sequences (median 29.5, 15-67), within 30 s (p=0.006) and 60 s (p=0.048) but not within 120 s (p=0.47). Conclusions: In children with chronic cough and suspected of having gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, the temporal relationship between acid reflux and cough is unlikely causal.

AB - Objective: There are no objective ambulatory studies on the temporal relationship between reflux and cough in children. Commercial pHmetry loggers have slow capture rates (0.25 Hz) that limit objective quantification of reflux and cough. The authors aimed to evaluate if there is a temporal association between cough and acid pH in ambulatory children with chronic cough. Design, setting and patients: The authors studied children (aged <14 years) with chronic cough, suspected of acid reflux and considered for pHmetry using a specifically built ambulatory pHmetry-cough logger that enabled the simultaneous ambulatory recording of cough and pH with a fast (10 Hz) capture rate. Main outcome measures: Coughs within (before and after) 10, 30, 60 and 120 s of a reflux episode (pH<4 for >0.5 s). Results: Analysis of 5628 coughs in 20 children. Most coughs (83.9%) were independent of a reflux event. Cough-reflux (median 19, IQR 3-45) and reflux-cough (24.5, 13-51) sequences were equally likely to occur within 120 s. Within the 10 and 30 s time frame, reflux-cough (10 s=median 2.5, IQR 0-7.25; 30 s=6.5, 1.25-22.25) sequences were significantly less frequent than reflux-no cough (10 s=27, IQR 15-65; 30 s=24.5, 14.5-55.5) sequences, (p=0.0001 and p=0.001, respectively). No differences were found for 60 and 120 s time frame. Cough-reflux sequence (median 1.0, IQR 0-8) within 10 s was significantly less (p=0.0001) than no cough-reflux sequences (median 29.5, 15-67), within 30 s (p=0.006) and 60 s (p=0.048) but not within 120 s (p=0.47). Conclusions: In children with chronic cough and suspected of having gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, the temporal relationship between acid reflux and cough is unlikely causal.

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KW - Adolescent

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KW - Hydrogen-Ion Concentration

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