Anthropogenic Ecological Change and Impacts on Mosquito Breeding and Control Strategies in Salt-Marshes, Northern Territory, Australia

Susan Jacups, Allan Warchot, Peter I Whelan

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Darwin, in the tropical north of Australia, is subject to high numbers of mosquitoes and several mosquito-borne diseases. Many of Darwin's residential areas were built in close proximity to tidally influenced swamps, where long-term storm-water run-off from nearby residences into these swamps has led to anthropogenic induced ecological change. When natural wet-dry cycles were disrupted, bare mud-flats and mangroves were transformed into perennial fresh to brackish-water reed swamps. Reed swamps provided yearround breeding habitat for many mosquito species, such that mosquito abundance was less predictable and seasonally dependent, but constant and often occurring in plague proportions. Drainage channels were constructed throughout the wetlands to reduce pooled water during dry-season months. This study assesses the impact of drainage interventions on vegetation and mosquito ecology in three salt-marshes in the Darwin area. Findings revealed a universal decline in dry-season mosquito abundance in each wetland system. However, some mosquito species increased in abundance during wet-season months. Due to the high expense and potentially detrimental environmental impacts of ecosystem and non-target species disturbance, large-scale modifications such as these are sparingly undertaken. However, our results indicate that some large scale environmental modification can assist the process of wetland restoration, as appears to be the case for these salt marsh systems. Drainage in all three systems has been restored to closer to their original salt-marsh ecosystems, while reducing mosquito abundances, thereby potentially lowering the risk of vector-borne disease transmission and mosquito pest biting problems.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)183-194
    Number of pages12
    JournalEcohealth
    Volume9
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012

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    Northern Territory
    Mosquito Control
    Wetlands
    mosquito
    saltmarsh
    Culicidae
    Breeding
    Salts
    breeding
    swamp
    Ecosystem
    Drainage
    wetland
    drainage
    dry season
    disease transmission
    Disease Vectors
    ecosystem
    mudflat
    Plague

    Cite this

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    abstract = "Darwin, in the tropical north of Australia, is subject to high numbers of mosquitoes and several mosquito-borne diseases. Many of Darwin's residential areas were built in close proximity to tidally influenced swamps, where long-term storm-water run-off from nearby residences into these swamps has led to anthropogenic induced ecological change. When natural wet-dry cycles were disrupted, bare mud-flats and mangroves were transformed into perennial fresh to brackish-water reed swamps. Reed swamps provided yearround breeding habitat for many mosquito species, such that mosquito abundance was less predictable and seasonally dependent, but constant and often occurring in plague proportions. Drainage channels were constructed throughout the wetlands to reduce pooled water during dry-season months. This study assesses the impact of drainage interventions on vegetation and mosquito ecology in three salt-marshes in the Darwin area. Findings revealed a universal decline in dry-season mosquito abundance in each wetland system. However, some mosquito species increased in abundance during wet-season months. Due to the high expense and potentially detrimental environmental impacts of ecosystem and non-target species disturbance, large-scale modifications such as these are sparingly undertaken. However, our results indicate that some large scale environmental modification can assist the process of wetland restoration, as appears to be the case for these salt marsh systems. Drainage in all three systems has been restored to closer to their original salt-marsh ecosystems, while reducing mosquito abundances, thereby potentially lowering the risk of vector-borne disease transmission and mosquito pest biting problems.",
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    Anthropogenic Ecological Change and Impacts on Mosquito Breeding and Control Strategies in Salt-Marshes, Northern Territory, Australia. / Jacups, Susan; Warchot, Allan; Whelan, Peter I.

    In: Ecohealth, Vol. 9, No. 2, 06.2012, p. 183-194.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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