Apo-B/A1 ratio identifies cardiovascular risk in childhood

The Australian Aboriginal Birth Cohort study

E SELLERS, Gurmeet Singh, Susan Sayers

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    We describe the lipoprotein and apolipoprotein profiles and their relationship to cardiovascular risk factors in Australian Aboriginal children. This cross-sectional study within a longitudinal birth cohort study involved Australian Aboriginal children born between 1987 and 1990 and re-examined between 1998 and 2001. Height, weight, blood pressure, waist circumference, body fat percentage, cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL-c, LDL-c, apolipoprotein B and A1 were measured. Mean age was 11.4 years (52% male). Mean cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL-c and LDL-c did not differ from reference data. Measures of obesity, blood pressure and prevalence of the metabolic syndrome did not differ in those children with lipoproteins in the upper quartile of the cohort (lower quartile for HDL-c). Boys with an Apo-B/A1 ratio in the upper quartile of the cohort had higher BMI z-score, waist z-score, % body fat, diastolic blood pressure and frequency of the metabolic syndrome (p<0.05). In girls, waist circumference, % body fat and the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was higher in those with an Apo-B/A1 ratio in the upper quartile (p<0.05).The Apo-B/A1 ratio may be useful to identify cardiovascular risk in Australian Aboriginal children and is suited to clinical practice as the assays are standardised, accurate, automated and a fasting sample is not required. � The Author(s) 2009.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)94-99
    Number of pages6
    JournalDiabetes and Vascular Disease Research
    Volume6
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

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    Apolipoprotein A-I
    Apolipoproteins B
    Cohort Studies
    Parturition
    Blood Pressure
    Adipose Tissue
    Waist Circumference
    HDL Cholesterol
    Lipoproteins
    Triglycerides
    Apolipoproteins
    Fasting
    Obesity
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Weights and Measures
    oxidized low density lipoprotein

    Cite this

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    abstract = "We describe the lipoprotein and apolipoprotein profiles and their relationship to cardiovascular risk factors in Australian Aboriginal children. This cross-sectional study within a longitudinal birth cohort study involved Australian Aboriginal children born between 1987 and 1990 and re-examined between 1998 and 2001. Height, weight, blood pressure, waist circumference, body fat percentage, cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL-c, LDL-c, apolipoprotein B and A1 were measured. Mean age was 11.4 years (52{\%} male). Mean cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL-c and LDL-c did not differ from reference data. Measures of obesity, blood pressure and prevalence of the metabolic syndrome did not differ in those children with lipoproteins in the upper quartile of the cohort (lower quartile for HDL-c). Boys with an Apo-B/A1 ratio in the upper quartile of the cohort had higher BMI z-score, waist z-score, {\%} body fat, diastolic blood pressure and frequency of the metabolic syndrome (p<0.05). In girls, waist circumference, {\%} body fat and the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was higher in those with an Apo-B/A1 ratio in the upper quartile (p<0.05).The Apo-B/A1 ratio may be useful to identify cardiovascular risk in Australian Aboriginal children and is suited to clinical practice as the assays are standardised, accurate, automated and a fasting sample is not required. � The Author(s) 2009.",
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    Apo-B/A1 ratio identifies cardiovascular risk in childhood : The Australian Aboriginal Birth Cohort study. / SELLERS, E; Singh, Gurmeet; Sayers, Susan.

    In: Diabetes and Vascular Disease Research, Vol. 6, No. 2, 2009, p. 94-99.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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    AU - Sayers, Susan

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    N2 - We describe the lipoprotein and apolipoprotein profiles and their relationship to cardiovascular risk factors in Australian Aboriginal children. This cross-sectional study within a longitudinal birth cohort study involved Australian Aboriginal children born between 1987 and 1990 and re-examined between 1998 and 2001. Height, weight, blood pressure, waist circumference, body fat percentage, cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL-c, LDL-c, apolipoprotein B and A1 were measured. Mean age was 11.4 years (52% male). Mean cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL-c and LDL-c did not differ from reference data. Measures of obesity, blood pressure and prevalence of the metabolic syndrome did not differ in those children with lipoproteins in the upper quartile of the cohort (lower quartile for HDL-c). Boys with an Apo-B/A1 ratio in the upper quartile of the cohort had higher BMI z-score, waist z-score, % body fat, diastolic blood pressure and frequency of the metabolic syndrome (p<0.05). In girls, waist circumference, % body fat and the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was higher in those with an Apo-B/A1 ratio in the upper quartile (p<0.05).The Apo-B/A1 ratio may be useful to identify cardiovascular risk in Australian Aboriginal children and is suited to clinical practice as the assays are standardised, accurate, automated and a fasting sample is not required. � The Author(s) 2009.

    AB - We describe the lipoprotein and apolipoprotein profiles and their relationship to cardiovascular risk factors in Australian Aboriginal children. This cross-sectional study within a longitudinal birth cohort study involved Australian Aboriginal children born between 1987 and 1990 and re-examined between 1998 and 2001. Height, weight, blood pressure, waist circumference, body fat percentage, cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL-c, LDL-c, apolipoprotein B and A1 were measured. Mean age was 11.4 years (52% male). Mean cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL-c and LDL-c did not differ from reference data. Measures of obesity, blood pressure and prevalence of the metabolic syndrome did not differ in those children with lipoproteins in the upper quartile of the cohort (lower quartile for HDL-c). Boys with an Apo-B/A1 ratio in the upper quartile of the cohort had higher BMI z-score, waist z-score, % body fat, diastolic blood pressure and frequency of the metabolic syndrome (p<0.05). In girls, waist circumference, % body fat and the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was higher in those with an Apo-B/A1 ratio in the upper quartile (p<0.05).The Apo-B/A1 ratio may be useful to identify cardiovascular risk in Australian Aboriginal children and is suited to clinical practice as the assays are standardised, accurate, automated and a fasting sample is not required. � The Author(s) 2009.

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