We consider the problem of dominating set-based virtual backbone used for routing in asymmetric wireless ad-hoc networks. These networks have non-uniform transmission ranges and are modeled using the well-established disk graphs. The corresponding graph theoretic problem seeks a strongly connected dominating-absorbent set of minimum cardinality in a digraph. A subset of nodes in a digraph is a strongly connected dominating-absorbent set if the subgraph induced by these nodes is strongly connected and each node in the graph is either in the set or has both an in-neighbor and an out-neighbor in it. Distributed algorithms for this problem are of practical significance due to the dynamic nature of ad-hoc networks. We present a first distributed approximation algorithm, with a constant approximation factor and O(Diam) running time, where Diam is the diameter of the graph. Moreover we present a simple heuristic algorithm and conduct an extensive simulation study showing that our heuristic outperforms previously known approaches for the problem.
|Number of pages||17|
|Journal||Theory of Computing Systems|
|Early online date||10 Jan 2018|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2018|
Abu Khzam, F., Markarian, C., Meyer auf der Heide, F., & Schubert, M. (2018). Approximation and Heuristic Algorithms for Computing Backbones in Asymmetric Ad-Hoc Networks. Theory of Computing Systems, 62(8), 1673-1689.