Area-based and location-based validation of classified image objects

Timothy Whiteside, Stefan Maier, Guy Boggs

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Geographic object-based image analysis (GEOBIA) produces results that have both thematic and geometric properties. Classified objects not only belong to particular classes but also have spatial properties such as location and shape. Therefore, any accuracy assessment where quantification of area is required must (but often does not) take into account both thematic and geometric properties of the classified objects. By using location-based and area-based measures to compare classified objects to corresponding reference objects, accuracy information for both thematic and geometric assessment is available. Our methods provide location-based and area-based measures with application to both a single-class feature detection and a multi-class object-based land cover analysis. In each case the classification was compared to a GIS layer of associated reference data using randomly selected sample areas. Error is able to be pin-pointed spatially on per-object, per class and per-sample area bases although there is no indication whether the errors exist in the classification product or the reference data. This work showcases the utility of the methods for assessing the accuracy of GEOBIA derived classifications provided the reference data is accurate and of comparable scale.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)117-130
    Number of pages14
    JournalInternational Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation
    Volume28
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - May 2014

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