Automated breast tumor ultrasound image segmentation with hybrid UNet and classification using fine-tuned CNN model

Shahed Hossain, Sami Azam, Sidratul Montaha, Asif Karim, Sadia Sultana Chowa, Chaity Mondol, Md Zahid Hasan, Mirjam Jonkman

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Abstract

Introduction: Breast cancer stands as the second most deadly form of cancer among women worldwide. Early diagnosis and treatment can significantly mitigate mortality rates. Purpose: The study aims to classify breast ultrasound images into benign and malignant tumors. This approach involves segmenting the breast's region of interest (ROI) employing an optimized UNet architecture and classifying the ROIs through an optimized shallow CNN model utilizing an ablation study. Method: Several image processing techniques are utilized to improve image quality by removing text, artifacts, and speckle noise, and statistical analysis is done to check the enhanced image quality is satisfactory. With the processed dataset, the segmentation of breast tumor ROI is carried out, optimizing the UNet model through an ablation study where the architectural configuration and hyperparameters are altered. After obtaining the tumor ROIs from the fine-tuned UNet model (RKO-UNet), an optimized CNN model is employed to classify the tumor into benign and malignant classes. To enhance the CNN model's performance, an ablation study is conducted, coupled with the integration of an attention unit. The model's performance is further assessed by classifying breast cancer with mammogram images. Result: The proposed classification model (RKONet-13) results in an accuracy of 98.41 %. The performance of the proposed model is further compared with five transfer learning models for both pre-segmented and post-segmented datasets. K-fold cross-validation is done to assess the proposed RKONet-13 model's performance stability. Furthermore, the performance of the proposed model is compared with previous literature, where the proposed model outperforms existing methods, demonstrating its effectiveness in breast cancer diagnosis. Lastly, the model demonstrates its robustness for breast cancer classification, delivering an exceptional performance of 96.21 % on a mammogram dataset. Conclusion: The efficacy of this study relies on image pre-processing, segmentation with hybrid attention UNet, and classification with fine-tuned robust CNN model. This comprehensive approach aims to determine an effective technique for detecting breast cancer within ultrasound images.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere21369
Pages (from-to)1-36
Number of pages36
JournalHeliyon
Volume9
Issue number11
Early online date21 Oct 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023

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