Body Mass Index Trajectory and Incident Hypertension: Results From a Longitudinal Cohort of Chinese Children and Adolescents, 2006-2016

Xijie Wang, Bin Dong, Sizhe Huang, Yinghua Ma, Zhiyong Zou, Jun Ma, Zhaogeng Yang, Zhiqiang Wang

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Objectives: To identify body mass index (BMI) trajectories in Chinese children and to compare the risk of incident high blood pressure (HBP) across trajectory groups.

    Methods: A total of 9286 children were included. The mean age at baseline was 8.9 years; age at endpoint ranged between 16 and 18 years. At least 8 measurements were obtained from each involved child. We used group-based trajectory modeling to identify BMI trajectory groups in each sex. We used blood pressure from each measurement to define HBP.

    Results: We identified 4 BMI trajectories for each sex. Compared with the low trajectory group, the hazard ratios of HBP in the higher trajectory groups ranged from 1.17 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.11, 1.23) to 2.00 (95% CI = 1.78, 2.27) during follow-up, and HBP risk at late adolescence ranged from 1.36 (95% CI = 1.22, 1.52) to 3.63 (95% CI = 3.12, 4.21). All trend P values across trajectories were less than .001. In terms of population level, overweight started 3 years earlier than HBP.

    Conclusions: Children of higher BMI trajectories had a higher risk of HBP during adolescence. The transition period from overweight to HBP onset could be critical for HBP prevention.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1689-1695
    Number of pages7
    JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
    Volume110
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020

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