Bowers of the Great Bowerbird (Chlamydera nuchalis) remained unburned after fire: is this an adaptation to fire?

Osamu K Mikami, Yoko Katsuno, Yamashita, Richard Noske, Kazuhiro Eguchi

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    Abstract

    Fire plays an important role in the evolution of life-history characteristics of organisms living in fire-prone regions. Although there are many reports of plants exhibiting adaptations to reduce the harmful or lethal effects of fire, little is known about fire-resistance mechanisms among animals, other than fleeing responses. Here, we report observations that may represent a type of fire adaptation in a bird species: bowers in one population of the Great Bowerbird Chlamydera nuchalis remained unburned after fire. If a bower is destroyed by fire or other mechanisms during courtship and breeding season, the male may lose the opportunity to mate with females, thereby reducing his apparent fitness. Therefore, traits that minimise the damage to bowers from fires may be beneficial. By measuring the unburned areas surrounding bowers after fires, we showed that the survival of bowers after fires is unlikely to be solely related to chance. Our observations are consistent with the hypothesis that bower resistance to fire is an adaptation of the Great Bowerbird. However, it is also possible that unburned bowers are by-products of sexual selection. � Japan Ethological Society and Springer 2009.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)15-20
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of Ethology
    Volume28
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

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    Mikami, O. K., Katsuno, Y., Yamashita, Noske, R., & Eguchi, K. (2009). Bowers of the Great Bowerbird (Chlamydera nuchalis) remained unburned after fire: is this an adaptation to fire? Journal of Ethology, 28(1), 15-20.