C-reactive protein concentrations are very high and more stable over time than the traditional vascular risk factors total cholesterol and systolic blood pressure in an Australian Aboriginal cohort

Tomer Shemesh, Kevin Rowley, A Jenkins, James Best, Kerin O'Dea

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Background: Stability of circulating high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) concentrations has implications for its utility in assessing cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. We sought to determine hsCRP reproducibility in an indigenous Australian cohort with a view to use hsCRP as a marker of future CVD in community- based risk-factor screenings. methods: Seventy people living in a community on the northern coast of Australia participated in 2 risk-factor screenings over a median (interquartile range) follow-up time of 829 (814-1001) days. hsCRP was measured by high-sensitivity nephelometry. results: Geometric mean hsCRP concentrations at baseline and follow-up were 4.5 and 5.1 mg/L, respectively (P = 0.220), and Pearson product-moment correlation was 0.775. The proportion of people at high CVD risk (hsCRP >3.0 mg/L) at baseline was 67.1% and remained consistently high (68.6%) at follow-up. Linear regression analysis for follow-up hsCRP as a function of baseline hsCRP, sex, and differences in total and regional body fatness showed that baseline hsCRP was the single predictor in the model, accounting for 63.9% of the total variance in follow-up hsCRP (Pmodel < 0.001). Prevalence agreement (95% CI) between baseline and follow-up for the hsCRP >3.0 mg/L category was 84% (73%-92%) (PMcNemar = not significant), and ? coefficient was fair (0.64, compared with 0.31 for systolic blood pressure ?140 mmHg and 0.43 for total cholesterol ?5.5 mmol/L). conclusions: hsCRP concentrations remained consistently reproducible over time across a wide concentration range in an Aboriginal cohort. Correlations between concentrations over time were better than for other traditional CVD risk factors. hsCRP concentration has potential as a marker of future CVD risk. � 2008 American Association for Clinical Chemistry.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)336-341
    Number of pages6
    JournalClinical Chemistry
    Volume55
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

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