Cancer in Indigenous Australians

A review

John Condon, B Armstrong, A Barnes, Joan Cunningham

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Objectives: To summarize for the first time evidence of the impact of cancer on Indigenous Australians. Methods: Medline search of peer-reviewed scientific journals, and extensive search of reports of government agencies, publications of cancer registries and non-government organizations, and other non-peer-reviewed sources. Results: Indigenous Australians have much higher incidence rates than other Australians of cancers of the lung, liver, and cervix; but much lower rates of cancers of the breast, colon and rectum, prostate, melanoma of skin, and lymphoma. Some of these differences can be explained, in part at least, by differences in risk factor prevalence. Indigenous Australians also have higher mortality and lower survival from cancer as a whole than other Australians. More advanced disease at diagnosis, and possibly poorer treatment, are partly responsible for these differences, but other factors may also be involved. Conclusions: Less accessible and less effective health programs are as great a problem for cancer control as for other aspects of Indigenous health in Australia. Major improvements in preventive services, screening, primary care, and specialist treatment services are required to reduce cancer incidence and improve cancer outcomes for Australia's Indigenous people.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)109-121
    Number of pages13
    JournalCancer Causes and Control
    Volume14
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2003

    Fingerprint

    Neoplasms
    Government Publications
    Government Agencies
    Incidence
    Health
    Liver Neoplasms
    Rectal Neoplasms
    Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
    Colonic Neoplasms
    Registries
    Prostate
    Melanoma
    Lymphoma
    Lung Neoplasms
    Primary Health Care
    Organizations
    Breast Neoplasms
    Skin
    Mortality

    Cite this

    Condon, John ; Armstrong, B ; Barnes, A ; Cunningham, Joan. / Cancer in Indigenous Australians : A review. In: Cancer Causes and Control. 2003 ; Vol. 14, No. 2. pp. 109-121.
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    abstract = "Objectives: To summarize for the first time evidence of the impact of cancer on Indigenous Australians. Methods: Medline search of peer-reviewed scientific journals, and extensive search of reports of government agencies, publications of cancer registries and non-government organizations, and other non-peer-reviewed sources. Results: Indigenous Australians have much higher incidence rates than other Australians of cancers of the lung, liver, and cervix; but much lower rates of cancers of the breast, colon and rectum, prostate, melanoma of skin, and lymphoma. Some of these differences can be explained, in part at least, by differences in risk factor prevalence. Indigenous Australians also have higher mortality and lower survival from cancer as a whole than other Australians. More advanced disease at diagnosis, and possibly poorer treatment, are partly responsible for these differences, but other factors may also be involved. Conclusions: Less accessible and less effective health programs are as great a problem for cancer control as for other aspects of Indigenous health in Australia. Major improvements in preventive services, screening, primary care, and specialist treatment services are required to reduce cancer incidence and improve cancer outcomes for Australia's Indigenous people.",
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    Condon, J, Armstrong, B, Barnes, A & Cunningham, J 2003, 'Cancer in Indigenous Australians: A review', Cancer Causes and Control, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 109-121.

    Cancer in Indigenous Australians : A review. / Condon, John; Armstrong, B; Barnes, A; Cunningham, Joan.

    In: Cancer Causes and Control, Vol. 14, No. 2, 2003, p. 109-121.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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