Carbon sources for aquatic food webs of riverine and lacustrine tropical waterholes with variable groundwater influence

Neil E. Pettit, D. M. Warfe, P.G.a Close, Bradley J Pusey, Rebecca Dobbs, C. Davies, D Valdez, Peter M. Davies

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Food web studies integrate ecological information and provide understanding of ecosystem function. Aquatic ecosystems of the Kimberley region (north-Western Australia) have high conservation significance as hotspots for maintaining local and regional biodiversity. This study investigated the influence of waterhole type and persistence on the strength of consumer reliance on local energy resources for aquatic food webs. Changes in water isotopic composition indicated groundwater inputs were enough to overcome evaporative losses in some waterholes. Other waterholes had varying levels of isotope enrichment suggesting insufficient groundwater input to 'compensate' for evaporative loss. C and N isotope analysis indicated considerable overlap among energy sources in waterholes between macrophytes and periphyton but gradient analysis indicated that periphyton is a major carbon source for aquatic consumers. Groundwater-fed waterholes appeared to have higher quality food sources (indicated by lower C:N ratios), but there was minimal evidence that direct groundwater contributions were related to food web processes. Nonetheless, in a region where groundwater is influential in maintaining aquatic habitats, future development of groundwater reserves will likely affect the ecological and cultural value of freshwater wetlands by either reducing their permanence or size or indirectly through possible alteration to the role of periphyton in supporting the food web.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)442-451
    Number of pages10
    JournalMarine and Freshwater Research
    Volume68
    Issue number3
    Early online date25 May 2016
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017

    Fingerprint

    aquatic food webs
    Food Chain
    Groundwater
    food web
    groundwater
    Carbon
    carbon
    periphyton
    food webs
    Ecosystem
    Isotopes
    isotopes
    isotope
    cultural values
    gradient analysis
    energy resources
    Food Quality
    Western Australia
    Wetlands
    ecological value

    Cite this

    Pettit, N. E., Warfe, D. M., Close, P. G. A., Pusey, B. J., Dobbs, R., Davies, C., ... Davies, P. M. (2017). Carbon sources for aquatic food webs of riverine and lacustrine tropical waterholes with variable groundwater influence. Marine and Freshwater Research, 68(3), 442-451. https://doi.org/10.1071/MF15365
    Pettit, Neil E. ; Warfe, D. M. ; Close, P.G.a ; Pusey, Bradley J ; Dobbs, Rebecca ; Davies, C. ; Valdez, D ; Davies, Peter M. / Carbon sources for aquatic food webs of riverine and lacustrine tropical waterholes with variable groundwater influence. In: Marine and Freshwater Research. 2017 ; Vol. 68, No. 3. pp. 442-451.
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    abstract = "Food web studies integrate ecological information and provide understanding of ecosystem function. Aquatic ecosystems of the Kimberley region (north-Western Australia) have high conservation significance as hotspots for maintaining local and regional biodiversity. This study investigated the influence of waterhole type and persistence on the strength of consumer reliance on local energy resources for aquatic food webs. Changes in water isotopic composition indicated groundwater inputs were enough to overcome evaporative losses in some waterholes. Other waterholes had varying levels of isotope enrichment suggesting insufficient groundwater input to 'compensate' for evaporative loss. C and N isotope analysis indicated considerable overlap among energy sources in waterholes between macrophytes and periphyton but gradient analysis indicated that periphyton is a major carbon source for aquatic consumers. Groundwater-fed waterholes appeared to have higher quality food sources (indicated by lower C:N ratios), but there was minimal evidence that direct groundwater contributions were related to food web processes. Nonetheless, in a region where groundwater is influential in maintaining aquatic habitats, future development of groundwater reserves will likely affect the ecological and cultural value of freshwater wetlands by either reducing their permanence or size or indirectly through possible alteration to the role of periphyton in supporting the food web.",
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    Pettit, NE, Warfe, DM, Close, PGA, Pusey, BJ, Dobbs, R, Davies, C, Valdez, D & Davies, PM 2017, 'Carbon sources for aquatic food webs of riverine and lacustrine tropical waterholes with variable groundwater influence', Marine and Freshwater Research, vol. 68, no. 3, pp. 442-451. https://doi.org/10.1071/MF15365

    Carbon sources for aquatic food webs of riverine and lacustrine tropical waterholes with variable groundwater influence. / Pettit, Neil E.; Warfe, D. M.; Close, P.G.a; Pusey, Bradley J; Dobbs, Rebecca; Davies, C.; Valdez, D; Davies, Peter M.

    In: Marine and Freshwater Research, Vol. 68, No. 3, 2017, p. 442-451.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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