Characterization of within-host Plasmodium falciparum diversity using next-generation sequence data

Sarah Auburn, Susana Campino, Olivo Miotto, Abdoulaye Djimde, Issaka Zongo, Magnus Manske, Gareth Maslen, Valentina Mangano, Daniel Alcock, Bronwyn MacInnis, Kirk Rockett, Taane Clark, Ogobara Doumbo, Jean Ouedraogo, Dominic Kwiatkowski

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    Abstract

    Our understanding of the composition of multi-clonal malarial infections and the epidemiological factors which shape their diversity remain poorly understood. Traditionally within-host diversity has been defined in terms of the multiplicity of infection (MOI) derived by PCR-based genotyping. Massively parallel, single molecule sequencing technologies now enable individual read counts to be derived on genome-wide datasets facilitating the development of new statistical approaches to describe within-host diversity. In this class of measures the F WS metric characterizes within-host diversity and its relationship to population level diversity. Utilizing P. falciparum field isolates from patients in West Africa we here explore the relationship between the traditional MOI and F WS approaches. F WS statistics were derived from read count data at 86,158 SNPs in 64 samples sequenced on the Illumina GA platform. MOI estimates were derived by PCR at the msp-1 and -2 loci. Significant correlations were observed between the two measures, particularly with the msp-1 locus (P = 5.92�0 -5). The F WS metric should be more robust than the PCR-based approach owing to reduced sensitivity to potential locus-specific artifacts. Furthermore the F WS metric captures information on a range of parameters which influence out-crossing risk including the number of clones (MOI), their relative proportions and genetic divergence. This approach should provide novel insights into the factors which correlate with, and shape within-host diversity.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere32891
    Pages (from-to)1-6
    Number of pages6
    JournalPLoS One
    Volume7
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

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    Auburn, S., Campino, S., Miotto, O., Djimde, A., Zongo, I., Manske, M., ... Kwiatkowski, D. (2012). Characterization of within-host Plasmodium falciparum diversity using next-generation sequence data. PLoS One, 7(2), 1-6. [e32891]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0032891