Clinical utility of elective paediatric flexible bronchoscopy and impact on the quality of life: Protocol for a single-centre, single-blind, randomised controlled trial

Rahul Thomas, Julie M. Marchant, Vikas Goyal, Ian Brent Masters, Stephanie T. Yerkovich, Anne B. Chang

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    Abstract

    INTRODUCTION: Elective flexible bronchoscopy (FB) is now widely available and standard practice for a variety of indications in children with respiratory conditions. However, there are no randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that have examined its benefits (or otherwise).Our primary aim is to determine the impact of FB on the parent-proxy quality-of-life (QoL) scores. Our secondary aims are to determine if undertaking FB leads to (a) change in management and (b) improvement of other relevant patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs). We also quantified the benefits of elective FB (using 10-point Likert scale). We hypothesised that undertaking elective FB will contribute to accurate diagnosis and therefore appropriate treatment, which will in turn improve QoL and will be deemed to be beneficial from patient and doctor perspectives. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Our parallel single-centre, single-blind RCT (commenced in May 2020) has a planned sample size of 114 children (aged <18 years) recruited from respiratory clinics at Queensland Children's Hospital, Brisbane, Australia. Children are randomised (1:1 concealed allocation) within two strata: age (≤2 vs >2 years) and indication for FB (chronic cough vs other indications) to either (a) early arm (intervention where FB undertaken within 2 weeks) or (b) delayed (control, FB undertaken at usual wait time). Our primary outcome is the difference between groups in their change in QoL at the T2 timepoint when the intervention group has had the FB and the control group has not. Our secondary outcomes are change in management, change in PROMs, adverse events and the Likert scales. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The human research ethics committee of the Queensland Children's Hospital granted ethical clearance (HREC/20/QCHQ/62394). Our RCT is conducted in accordance with Good Clinical Practice and the Australian legislation. Results will be disseminated through conference presentations, teaching avenues, workshops, websites and publications. REGISTRATION: Australia New Zealand Clinical Trial Registry ACTRN12620000610932.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere001704
    Pages (from-to)1-9
    Number of pages9
    JournalBMJ Open Respiratory Research
    Volume11
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 26 Feb 2024

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