Background: Studies have labelled chronic kidney disease (CKD) among the adult population in urban Bangladesh. To address knowledge gaps on CKD, we aimed to generate data on prevalence, health and nutrition of CKD individuals living in rural and peri-urban Bangladesh.
Methods: Participants were recruited from the Mirzapur Demographic Surveillance System by age-stratified random sampling. We screened participants by measuring serum creatinine and urine albumin to creatinine ratio, and collected socio-demographic, lifestyles and health information (phase I). After 3 months (phase II), we repeated the urine and blood tests as per the Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative guidelines. The glomerular filtration rate was calculated using the CKD Epidemiology Collaboration equation.
Results: Among 928 participants, 872 completed the study. In phase I, probable CKD cases were 281 (32.2%); in phase II, confirmed cases were 192 (22.0%) (stage 1, 4.0%; stage 2, 11.8%; stage 3, 5.5%; stage 4, 0.6%; stage 5, 0.1%). In multivariable analysis, associated factors for prevalent CKD included aged ⩾60 years [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 5.02; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.85–13.65], hypertension (aOR 3.08; 95% CI 2.07–4.59), diabetes (aOR 2.52; 95% CI 1.60–3.96), presence of red blood cell in urine (aOR 3.20; 95% CI 1.71–5.98) and anemia (aOR 2.50; 95% CI 1.63–3.84).
Conclusions: This is the first ever research on CKD prevalence in rural and peri-urban Bangladesh and recorded about 22%, which is higher than urban settings. Monitoring systems are needed to evaluate the overall burden and to mitigate risk factors with an emphasis on the rural and peri-urban population.