Community perceptions of bloody diarrhoea in an urban slum in South Asia

implications for introduction of a Shigella vaccine

W Arvelo, L Blum, N Nahar, Lorenz Von Seidlein, L Nahar, R P Pack, A W Brooks, A Pach, R F Breiman, S P Luby, P K Ram

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Understanding local perceptions of disease causation could help public health officials improve strategies to prevent bloody diarrhoea. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Dhaka, Bangladesh to elicit community beliefs about the causes of and prevention strategies for bloody diarrhoea. Between March and June 2003, we interviewed 541 randomly selected respondents. Overall, 507 (93%) respondents perceived that a vaccine could prevent bloody diarrhoea. If a vaccine provided lifetime protection, 445 (83%) respondents stated that they would opt to get the vaccine and would pay a median of $0·05 (range U.S.$0·01–0·15) for it, equivalent to <1% of their median weekly income. There was almost universal perception that an effective vaccine to prevent bloody diarrhoea was highly beneficial and acceptable. While respondents valued a vaccine for prevention of bloody diarrhoea, they were only willing to pay minimally for it. Therefore, achieving a high rate of Shigella vaccine coverage may require subsidy of vaccine purchase.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)599-605
Number of pages7
JournalEpidemiology and Infection
Volume139
Issue number4
Early online date2010
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2011

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Shigella Vaccines
Poverty Areas
Diarrhea
Vaccines
Bangladesh
Causality
Public Health
Cross-Sectional Studies
Surveys and Questionnaires

Cite this

Arvelo, W ; Blum, L ; Nahar, N ; Von Seidlein, Lorenz ; Nahar, L ; Pack, R P ; Brooks, A W ; Pach, A ; Breiman, R F ; Luby, S P ; Ram, P K. / Community perceptions of bloody diarrhoea in an urban slum in South Asia : implications for introduction of a Shigella vaccine. In: Epidemiology and Infection. 2011 ; Vol. 139, No. 4. pp. 599-605.
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abstract = "Understanding local perceptions of disease causation could help public health officials improve strategies to prevent bloody diarrhoea. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Dhaka, Bangladesh to elicit community beliefs about the causes of and prevention strategies for bloody diarrhoea. Between March and June 2003, we interviewed 541 randomly selected respondents. Overall, 507 (93{\%}) respondents perceived that a vaccine could prevent bloody diarrhoea. If a vaccine provided lifetime protection, 445 (83{\%}) respondents stated that they would opt to get the vaccine and would pay a median of $0·05 (range U.S.$0·01–0·15) for it, equivalent to <1{\%} of their median weekly income. There was almost universal perception that an effective vaccine to prevent bloody diarrhoea was highly beneficial and acceptable. While respondents valued a vaccine for prevention of bloody diarrhoea, they were only willing to pay minimally for it. Therefore, achieving a high rate of Shigella vaccine coverage may require subsidy of vaccine purchase.",
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Arvelo, W, Blum, L, Nahar, N, Von Seidlein, L, Nahar, L, Pack, RP, Brooks, AW, Pach, A, Breiman, RF, Luby, SP & Ram, PK 2011, 'Community perceptions of bloody diarrhoea in an urban slum in South Asia: implications for introduction of a Shigella vaccine', Epidemiology and Infection, vol. 139, no. 4, pp. 599-605. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0950268810001391

Community perceptions of bloody diarrhoea in an urban slum in South Asia : implications for introduction of a Shigella vaccine. / Arvelo, W; Blum, L; Nahar, N; Von Seidlein, Lorenz; Nahar, L; Pack, R P; Brooks, A W; Pach, A; Breiman, R F; Luby, S P; Ram, P K.

In: Epidemiology and Infection, Vol. 139, No. 4, 04.2011, p. 599-605.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Nahar, L

AU - Pack, R P

AU - Brooks, A W

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