The idea that female and female-headed households disproportionately represent the poor, and that they experience a higher incidence of poverty than male and male-headed households, has been discussed widely in the literature on gender and poverty, particularly in the context of developing countries. Nevertheless, important questions remain unexplored. For example, how does the gender of the headship affect household ability to reap the benefits of consumption economies of scale (CSE)? And how do these differences in CSE, based on the gender of the household head, change the poverty status in male headed and female-headed households? This study, using Household Income and Expenditure survey 2009/10 data/or Sri Lanka, attempts to uncover the differences in CSE associated with the gender of household headship. We use an Engel equivalence scale approach for this purpose. This analysis sheds new light on the existing debate on poverty and household headship in a different lens. Our results indicate that female-headed households enjoy greater CSE than their male-headed counterparts. However, we find that the poverty rate among the female headed households are higher than that of their male-headed counterparts, even after CSE are allowed for.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Finance and Economics|
|Editors||Pham Thi Minh Ly, Jindrich Soukup, Phan Dao, Phung Minh Tuan|
|Place of Publication||Vietnam|
|Publisher||Libuše Macáková - Melandrium|
|Number of pages||15|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|
|Event||International Conference on Finance and Economics: Innovation and Sustainable Entrepreneurship - Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam|
Duration: 21 Sep 2017 → 22 Sep 2017
Conference number: 4th
|Conference||International Conference on Finance and Economics|
|Abbreviated title||ICFE 2017|
|City||Ho Chi Minh|
|Period||21/09/17 → 22/09/17|
Jayasinghe, M., Smith, C., Chai, A., & Ratnasiri, S. (2017). Consumption Economies of Scale, Household Headship and Poverty: Evidence from Sri Lanka. In P. T. M. Ly, J. Soukup, P. Dao, & P. M. Tuan (Eds.), Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Finance and Economics (pp. 179-193). Vietnam: Libuše Macáková - Melandrium.