Control complexity in Bucklin and fallback voting: A theoretical analysis

Gabor Erdelyi, Michael Fellows, Jorg Rothe, Lena Schend

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    Electoral control models ways of changing the outcome of an election via such actions as adding, deleting, or partitioning either candidates or voters. To protect elections from such control attempts, computational complexity has been used to establish so-called resistanceresults. We show that fallback voting, an election system proposed by Brams and Sanver[12]to combine Bucklin with approval voting, displays the broadest control resistance currently known to hold among natural election systems with a polynomial-time winner problem. We also study the control complexity of Bucklin voting and show that it performs almost as well as fallback voting in terms of control resistance. Furthermore, we investigate the parameterized control complexity of Bucklin and fallback voting, according to several parameters that are often likely to be small for typical instances. In a companion paper [28], we challenge our worst-case complexity results from an experimental point of view.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)632-660
    Number of pages29
    JournalJournal of Computer and System Sciences
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2015


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