Coordination and cross-sectoral integration in REDD+

experiences from seven countries

Kaisa Korhonen-Kurki, Maria Brockhaus, Bryan Bushley, Andrea Babon, Maria Gebara, Felicien Kengoum, Thuy Thu Pham, Salla Rantala, Moira Moeliono, Bimo Dwisatrio, Cynthia Maharani

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Ever since a global mitigation mechanism that aims to reduce emissions by avoiding deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) was introduced in climate change negotiations, governance challenges in implementing this concept in tropical forest countries have received considerable attention. In particular, multilevel governance has been identified as a key challenge, as REDD+ aims to tackle local deforestation activities through a global results-based financial scheme. This paper will present an analysis from seven REDD+ countries (Brazil, Cameroon, Indonesia, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Tanzania and Vietnam) where 293 qualitative interviews were conducted with national-level REDD+ actors. We examined what kind of multilevel coordination problems emerge, particularly in relation to horizontal, cross-sectoral coordination, and analysed these problems through the concepts of functional alignment, institutional complexity and accountability. We argue that there are problems with coordination that have emerged due to failures in recognizing the key multilevel issues. REDD+ is not adequately integrated into existing policies, and there is a gap between REDD+ and sectoral and national development policies. This leads to overlapping regulations and unequal resource allocation among sectors. Our analysis suggests that effective coordination mechanisms for REDD+ should be built on existing mechanisms and experience, include all the stakeholders, ensure the flow of information across the levels and harness the potential of REDD+ itself to overcome multi-sectoral problems. At the national level, there is great awareness of the issues that hinder coordination and effective REDD+ implementation, but this awareness does not seem to be matched by the actions taken to date.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)458-471
    Number of pages14
    JournalClimate and Development
    Volume8
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

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    experience
    deforestation
    multi-level-governance
    Cameroon
    national development
    Papua-New Guinea
    resource allocation
    Nepal
    accountability
    qualitative interview
    Tanzania
    Vietnam
    tropical forest
    development policy
    Indonesia
    stakeholder
    mitigation
    climate change
    Brazil
    co-ordination

    Cite this

    Korhonen-Kurki, K., Brockhaus, M., Bushley, B., Babon, A., Gebara, M., Kengoum, F., ... Maharani, C. (2016). Coordination and cross-sectoral integration in REDD+: experiences from seven countries. Climate and Development, 8(5), 458-471. https://doi.org/10.1080/17565529.2015.1050979
    Korhonen-Kurki, Kaisa ; Brockhaus, Maria ; Bushley, Bryan ; Babon, Andrea ; Gebara, Maria ; Kengoum, Felicien ; Pham, Thuy Thu ; Rantala, Salla ; Moeliono, Moira ; Dwisatrio, Bimo ; Maharani, Cynthia. / Coordination and cross-sectoral integration in REDD+ : experiences from seven countries. In: Climate and Development. 2016 ; Vol. 8, No. 5. pp. 458-471.
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    title = "Coordination and cross-sectoral integration in REDD+: experiences from seven countries",
    abstract = "Ever since a global mitigation mechanism that aims to reduce emissions by avoiding deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) was introduced in climate change negotiations, governance challenges in implementing this concept in tropical forest countries have received considerable attention. In particular, multilevel governance has been identified as a key challenge, as REDD+ aims to tackle local deforestation activities through a global results-based financial scheme. This paper will present an analysis from seven REDD+ countries (Brazil, Cameroon, Indonesia, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Tanzania and Vietnam) where 293 qualitative interviews were conducted with national-level REDD+ actors. We examined what kind of multilevel coordination problems emerge, particularly in relation to horizontal, cross-sectoral coordination, and analysed these problems through the concepts of functional alignment, institutional complexity and accountability. We argue that there are problems with coordination that have emerged due to failures in recognizing the key multilevel issues. REDD+ is not adequately integrated into existing policies, and there is a gap between REDD+ and sectoral and national development policies. This leads to overlapping regulations and unequal resource allocation among sectors. Our analysis suggests that effective coordination mechanisms for REDD+ should be built on existing mechanisms and experience, include all the stakeholders, ensure the flow of information across the levels and harness the potential of REDD+ itself to overcome multi-sectoral problems. At the national level, there is great awareness of the issues that hinder coordination and effective REDD+ implementation, but this awareness does not seem to be matched by the actions taken to date.",
    author = "Kaisa Korhonen-Kurki and Maria Brockhaus and Bryan Bushley and Andrea Babon and Maria Gebara and Felicien Kengoum and Pham, {Thuy Thu} and Salla Rantala and Moira Moeliono and Bimo Dwisatrio and Cynthia Maharani",
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    Korhonen-Kurki, K, Brockhaus, M, Bushley, B, Babon, A, Gebara, M, Kengoum, F, Pham, TT, Rantala, S, Moeliono, M, Dwisatrio, B & Maharani, C 2016, 'Coordination and cross-sectoral integration in REDD+: experiences from seven countries', Climate and Development, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 458-471. https://doi.org/10.1080/17565529.2015.1050979

    Coordination and cross-sectoral integration in REDD+ : experiences from seven countries. / Korhonen-Kurki, Kaisa; Brockhaus, Maria; Bushley, Bryan; Babon, Andrea; Gebara, Maria; Kengoum, Felicien; Pham, Thuy Thu; Rantala, Salla; Moeliono, Moira; Dwisatrio, Bimo; Maharani, Cynthia.

    In: Climate and Development, Vol. 8, No. 5, 2016, p. 458-471.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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    AU - Bushley, Bryan

    AU - Babon, Andrea

    AU - Gebara, Maria

    AU - Kengoum, Felicien

    AU - Pham, Thuy Thu

    AU - Rantala, Salla

    AU - Moeliono, Moira

    AU - Dwisatrio, Bimo

    AU - Maharani, Cynthia

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