Ever since the Chinese society has taken a prominent reform strategy, the market economy has rapidly developed, and the scale of economic activity continues to grow such that China is now recognised as the world’s second largest economy. Industrialisation has led to a significant urbanisation of China and strengthens its position as the world’s manufacturer. As vocational opportunities in rural areas have decreased, demand for labour in urban and industrialised areas has increased which led to a massive rural labour migration. It is reported in this chapter that the government policy has gradually reflected greater appreciation of the contribution that rural migrant labourers make to the economy and the need to address inequities in the labour market and in social justice. Sunshine Project as the world’s largest project for rural labour transfer training was reported in this chapter as the implementation of a key and proactive policy shift undertaken by the Chinese Government.
|Title of host publication||Skills Development for Inclusive and Sustainable Growth in Developing Asia-Pacific|
|Editors||Rupert Maclean, Shanti Jagannathan, Jouko Sarvi|
|Place of Publication||Dordrecht, Heidelberg, New York, London|
|Number of pages||16|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|
Wang, L., & Shaw, G. (2013). Coping with Rural Transformation and the Movement of Workers from Rural Areas to Cities: The People's Republic of China Sunshine Project. In R. Maclean, S. Jagannathan, & J. Sarvi (Eds.), Skills Development for Inclusive and Sustainable Growth in Developing Asia-Pacific (pp. 89-104). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-5937-4_5