Costing the Conservation of Animal Genetic Resources

The Case of Borana Cattle in Ethiopia and Kenya

Kerstin Zander, Adam Drucker, K HOLM-MULLER

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Individual preferences, changing market conditions, environmental constraints, and regulatory interventions can all contribute towards livestock-keepers in arid environments moving away from their traditional livestock production systems. As a consequence, certain local breeds and the genetic resources they represent may become used less and less, eventually becoming threatened with extinction. Where society considers the maintenance of such genetic diversity to be important, conservation initiatives must be established. The paper presents results from an empirical case study carried out in the Borana lowlands of Ethiopia and Kenya. Conservation costs in the form of local livestock-keeper opportunity costs incurred from keeping the breed targeted for conservation rather than an alternative breed were measured. A contingent valuation, involving 370 households each completing an iterative bidding game, was applied. Respondents stated their willingness to accept compensation for conserving traditional Borana cattle instead of keeping other cattle breeds. The data was analysed using a Tobit model and we conclude that the costs of a community-based conservation programme split between Ethiopia and Kenya, based on a safe minimum herd size, would require �25,400 per year in terms of direct support payments and management and monitoring costs. � 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)550-556
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Arid Environments
    Volume73
    Issue number4-May
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

    Fingerprint

    animal genetic resources
    genetic resource
    Ethiopia
    Kenya
    cattle
    breeds
    livestock
    cost
    contingent valuation
    opportunity costs
    herd size
    conservation programs
    dry environmental conditions
    cattle breeds
    livestock production
    genetic resources
    environmental constraint
    market conditions
    households
    livestock farming

    Cite this

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    title = "Costing the Conservation of Animal Genetic Resources: The Case of Borana Cattle in Ethiopia and Kenya",
    abstract = "Individual preferences, changing market conditions, environmental constraints, and regulatory interventions can all contribute towards livestock-keepers in arid environments moving away from their traditional livestock production systems. As a consequence, certain local breeds and the genetic resources they represent may become used less and less, eventually becoming threatened with extinction. Where society considers the maintenance of such genetic diversity to be important, conservation initiatives must be established. The paper presents results from an empirical case study carried out in the Borana lowlands of Ethiopia and Kenya. Conservation costs in the form of local livestock-keeper opportunity costs incurred from keeping the breed targeted for conservation rather than an alternative breed were measured. A contingent valuation, involving 370 households each completing an iterative bidding game, was applied. Respondents stated their willingness to accept compensation for conserving traditional Borana cattle instead of keeping other cattle breeds. The data was analysed using a Tobit model and we conclude that the costs of a community-based conservation programme split between Ethiopia and Kenya, based on a safe minimum herd size, would require �25,400 per year in terms of direct support payments and management and monitoring costs. � 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
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    Costing the Conservation of Animal Genetic Resources : The Case of Borana Cattle in Ethiopia and Kenya. / Zander, Kerstin; Drucker, Adam; HOLM-MULLER, K.

    In: Journal of Arid Environments, Vol. 73, No. 4-May, 2009, p. 550-556.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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    AU - Zander, Kerstin

    AU - Drucker, Adam

    AU - HOLM-MULLER, K

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    AB - Individual preferences, changing market conditions, environmental constraints, and regulatory interventions can all contribute towards livestock-keepers in arid environments moving away from their traditional livestock production systems. As a consequence, certain local breeds and the genetic resources they represent may become used less and less, eventually becoming threatened with extinction. Where society considers the maintenance of such genetic diversity to be important, conservation initiatives must be established. The paper presents results from an empirical case study carried out in the Borana lowlands of Ethiopia and Kenya. Conservation costs in the form of local livestock-keeper opportunity costs incurred from keeping the breed targeted for conservation rather than an alternative breed were measured. A contingent valuation, involving 370 households each completing an iterative bidding game, was applied. Respondents stated their willingness to accept compensation for conserving traditional Borana cattle instead of keeping other cattle breeds. The data was analysed using a Tobit model and we conclude that the costs of a community-based conservation programme split between Ethiopia and Kenya, based on a safe minimum herd size, would require �25,400 per year in terms of direct support payments and management and monitoring costs. � 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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