Species conservation decisions are inherently complex, require careful analysis of different types of information and are also made with resource constraints. Both globally and locally, there are more species to conserve with limited budget. Incorporating economics into conservation planning right from the beginningof developing recovery plans to implementing and evaluating their success is vital. This study aims to examine conservation of threatened species planning in Australia using recovery actions level costs data from a large- scale systematic database of New South Wales. It also explores the determinants of actual expenditure of recovery actions and reporting gaps in current practice to improve systematic conservation planning of threatened species in Australia.