Cystathionine ?-Lyase is a component of cystine-mediated oxidative defense in lactobacillus reuteri br11

R LO, M TURNER, D BARRY, R SREEKUMAR, T WALSH, Philip Giffard

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Lactobacillus reuteri BR11 possesses a novel mechanism of oxidative defense involving an abundant cystine ABC transporter encoded by the cyuABC gene cluster. Large amounts of thiols, including H2S, are secreted upon cystine uptake by the CyuC transporter. A cystathionine ?-lyase (cgl) gene is cotranscribed with the cyu genes in several L. reuteri strains and was hypothesized to participate in cystine-mediated oxidative defense by producing reducing equivalents. This hypothesis was tested with L. reuteri BR11 by constructing a cgl mutant (PNG901) and comparing it to a similarly constructed cyuC mutant (PNG902). Although Cgl was required for H2S production from cystine, it was not crucial for oxidative defense in de Mann-Rogosa-Sharpe medium, in contrast to CyuC, whose inactivation resulted in lag-phase arrest in aerated cultures. The importance of Cgl in oxidative defense was seen only in the presence of hemin, which poses severe oxidative stress. The growth defects in aerated cultures of both mutants were alleviated by supplementation with cysteine (and cystine in the cgl mutant) but not methionine, with the cyuC mutant showing a much higher concentration requirement. We conclude that L. reuteri BR11 requires a high concentration of exogenous cysteine/cystine to grow optimally under aerobic conditions. This requirement is fulfilled by the abundant CyuC transporter, which has probably arisen due to the broad substrate specificity of Cgl, resulting in a futile pathway which degrades cystine taken up by the CyuC transporter to H2S. Cgl plays a secondary role in oxidative defense by its well-documented function of cysteine biosynthesis. Copyright � 2009, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1827-1837
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of Bacteriology
    Volume191
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Cystathionine ?-Lyase is a component of cystine-mediated oxidative defense in lactobacillus reuteri br11'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this