Kernelization algorithms in the context of Parameterized Complexity are often based on a combination of data reduction rules and combinatorial insights. We will expose in this paper a similar strategy for obtaining polynomial-time approximation algorithms. Our method features the use of approximation-preserving reductions, akin to the notion of parameterized reductions. We exemplify this method to obtain the currently best approximation algorithms for Harmless Set, Differential and Multiple Nonblocker, all of them can be considered in the context of securing networks or information propagation.
Abu Khzam, F., Bazgan, C., Chopin, M., & Fernau, H. (2016). Data reductions and combinatorial bounds for improved approximation algorithms. Journal of Computer and System Sciences, 82(3), 503-520. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcss.2015.11.010