Dementia Prediction Using Machine Learning

Sara Dhakal, Sami Azam, Khan Md Hasib, Asif Karim, Mirjam Jonkman, A. S.M. Farhan Al Haque

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    Abstract

    Dementia is a chronic and degenerative condition, which has become a major health concern among the elderly. With ever-continuing cases of dementia, it has become a very challenging task in the 21st century to provide care for patients with dementia. This paper proposes a framework for the prediction of dementia using the data collected from the OASIS (Open Access Series of Imaging Studies) project which was made available by the Washington University Alzheimer's Disease Research Centre. Different techniques have been implemented for data imputation, pre-processing and data transformation to create suitable data for training the model. Machine learning approaches like Adaboost (AB), Decision Tree (DT), Extra Tree (ET), Gradient Boost (GB), K-Nearest Neighbour (KNN), Logistic Regression (LR), Naïve Bayes (NB), Random Forest (RF), and SVM (Support Vector Machine) has been used for a combination of features. These techniques have been applied to the full set of features and features selected from Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator (LASSO) techniques. A comparison between the accuracy, precision, and other metrics based on the results of the classification algorithms has been provided. The experimental results show that the highest accuracy of 96.77% was obtained by Support Vector Machine (SVM) with full features. The proposed methodology is promising and if developed and deployed can be helpful for the rapid assessment of Alzheimer's Disease (AD).

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