Demographics of veteran Rugby Union competitors

Mike Climstein, Joe Walsh, John Best, Kent Adams, Mark de Beliso, Stephen Burke, Jyrki Kettunen, Ian Heazlewood

    Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debateResearch

    Abstract

    Introduction: Recent investigations into the heath of retired National Football League (NFL) players have identified increased cardiac risk factors/premature cardiovascular disease, cardiometabolic risk and type 2 diabetes. Surprisingly, there is no data available investigating the health of veteran rugby union players. The Golden Oldies World Rugby Festival (GORF) is held every two years for veteran rugby union players over the age of 35 years. Rugby union is one of the most popular team sports in Australia and New Zealand, with competitors similar in stature and physical abilities to NFL players. Therefore the purpose of this study was to investigate the medical and health demographics of competitors (aged 35+) of the 2010 GORF.

    Methodologies: A cross-sectional, observational study was completed using an on-line web-based questionnaire (LimeSurvey). The survey consisted of four sections. These results pertain to medical history (chronic diseases/disorders, prescribed medications) and physiological measures (Ht, Wt, waist, lipid profile, fasting plasma glucose) sections.

    Results: A total of 254 participants (35–78 yrs, X = 51.2 yrs) completed the survey. Data analysis was completed using independent (<50 yrs (n = 102) vs >50 yrs (n = 152)) and one sample (between populations) t-tests. Several measures such as body mass and cigarettes/wk differed significantly (all p < 0.05) between <50 yrs and >50 yrs. Results were: BMI (30.4 vs 29.6 kg/m2, NS), waist circumference (86.4 vs 92.3 cm, p < 0.05), SBP 122.2 vs 125.2 mmHg, NS) and DBP (78.6 vs 77.1 mmHg, NS). There were no significant differences between groups for cholesterol panel (total cholesterol (4.6 vs 5.0mmol/L), HDL-cholesterol (1.3 vs 1.5 mmol/L), LDL-cholesterol (2.1 vs 2.8 mmol/L), triglycerides (2.8 vs 2.4 mmol/L)) or blood glucose (5.5 vs 5.9 mmol/L). As a cohort, GORF competitors had the following incidence of chronic disorders (top 5): hypertension (15.3%), arthritis (OA/RA, 8.6%), asthma (8.6%), hypercholesterolemia (7.8%), diabetes (all types, 6.3%). When compared to the Australian general population (Australian Bureau of Statistics data, n = 15,779), GORF competitors had significantly higher incidence of anxiety (p < 0.01), depression (p < 0.01), diabetes (p < 0.05) and hypertension (p < 0.01). Collectively, GORF competitors were taking the following prescribed medications (top 5): anti-hypertensive (12.5%), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (6.3%), anti-diabetic (insulin or oral, 5.1%), anti-coagulant (4.3%) and bronchodilators (2.7%).

    Conclusions: This data represents the first collection of main outcomes of medical and health demographics in GORF competitors. GORF competitors presented with increased cardiovascular and metabolic risk, similar to that found in retired NFL linemen however, there was little difference between the two groups (<50 yrs vs >50 yrs). Preventative measures and further investigation in this cohort are warranted.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number164
    Pages (from-to)e80-e80
    Number of pages1
    JournalJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
    Volume14
    Issue numberSupplement 1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011

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    Football
    Veterans
    Demography
    Holidays
    Veterans Health
    Aptitude
    Waist Circumference
    New Zealand
    Tobacco Products
    Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
    Sports
    Observational Studies
    Fasting
    Chronic Disease
    Cardiovascular Diseases
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Lipids
    Glucose
    Health
    Population

    Cite this

    Climstein, M., Walsh, J., Best, J., Adams, K., de Beliso, M., Burke, S., ... Heazlewood, I. (2011). Demographics of veteran Rugby Union competitors. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 14(Supplement 1), e80-e80. [164]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2011.11.166
    Climstein, Mike ; Walsh, Joe ; Best, John ; Adams, Kent ; de Beliso, Mark ; Burke, Stephen ; Kettunen, Jyrki ; Heazlewood, Ian. / Demographics of veteran Rugby Union competitors. In: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 2011 ; Vol. 14, No. Supplement 1. pp. e80-e80.
    @article{375acf84cd5d40fa9edef19d943d08bc,
    title = "Demographics of veteran Rugby Union competitors",
    abstract = "Introduction: Recent investigations into the heath of retired National Football League (NFL) players have identified increased cardiac risk factors/premature cardiovascular disease, cardiometabolic risk and type 2 diabetes. Surprisingly, there is no data available investigating the health of veteran rugby union players. The Golden Oldies World Rugby Festival (GORF) is held every two years for veteran rugby union players over the age of 35 years. Rugby union is one of the most popular team sports in Australia and New Zealand, with competitors similar in stature and physical abilities to NFL players. Therefore the purpose of this study was to investigate the medical and health demographics of competitors (aged 35+) of the 2010 GORF.Methodologies: A cross-sectional, observational study was completed using an on-line web-based questionnaire (LimeSurvey). The survey consisted of four sections. These results pertain to medical history (chronic diseases/disorders, prescribed medications) and physiological measures (Ht, Wt, waist, lipid profile, fasting plasma glucose) sections.Results: A total of 254 participants (35–78 yrs, X = 51.2 yrs) completed the survey. Data analysis was completed using independent (<50 yrs (n = 102) vs >50 yrs (n = 152)) and one sample (between populations) t-tests. Several measures such as body mass and cigarettes/wk differed significantly (all p < 0.05) between <50 yrs and >50 yrs. Results were: BMI (30.4 vs 29.6 kg/m2, NS), waist circumference (86.4 vs 92.3 cm, p < 0.05), SBP 122.2 vs 125.2 mmHg, NS) and DBP (78.6 vs 77.1 mmHg, NS). There were no significant differences between groups for cholesterol panel (total cholesterol (4.6 vs 5.0mmol/L), HDL-cholesterol (1.3 vs 1.5 mmol/L), LDL-cholesterol (2.1 vs 2.8 mmol/L), triglycerides (2.8 vs 2.4 mmol/L)) or blood glucose (5.5 vs 5.9 mmol/L). As a cohort, GORF competitors had the following incidence of chronic disorders (top 5): hypertension (15.3{\%}), arthritis (OA/RA, 8.6{\%}), asthma (8.6{\%}), hypercholesterolemia (7.8{\%}), diabetes (all types, 6.3{\%}). When compared to the Australian general population (Australian Bureau of Statistics data, n = 15,779), GORF competitors had significantly higher incidence of anxiety (p < 0.01), depression (p < 0.01), diabetes (p < 0.05) and hypertension (p < 0.01). Collectively, GORF competitors were taking the following prescribed medications (top 5): anti-hypertensive (12.5{\%}), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (6.3{\%}), anti-diabetic (insulin or oral, 5.1{\%}), anti-coagulant (4.3{\%}) and bronchodilators (2.7{\%}).Conclusions: This data represents the first collection of main outcomes of medical and health demographics in GORF competitors. GORF competitors presented with increased cardiovascular and metabolic risk, similar to that found in retired NFL linemen however, there was little difference between the two groups (<50 yrs vs >50 yrs). Preventative measures and further investigation in this cohort are warranted.",
    author = "Mike Climstein and Joe Walsh and John Best and Kent Adams and {de Beliso}, Mark and Stephen Burke and Jyrki Kettunen and Ian Heazlewood",
    year = "2011",
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    doi = "10.1016/j.jsams.2011.11.166",
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    Climstein, M, Walsh, J, Best, J, Adams, K, de Beliso, M, Burke, S, Kettunen, J & Heazlewood, I 2011, 'Demographics of veteran Rugby Union competitors', Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, vol. 14, no. Supplement 1, 164, pp. e80-e80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2011.11.166

    Demographics of veteran Rugby Union competitors. / Climstein, Mike; Walsh, Joe; Best, John; Adams, Kent; de Beliso, Mark; Burke, Stephen; Kettunen, Jyrki; Heazlewood, Ian.

    In: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, Vol. 14, No. Supplement 1, 164, 12.2011, p. e80-e80.

    Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debateResearch

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Demographics of veteran Rugby Union competitors

    AU - Climstein, Mike

    AU - Walsh, Joe

    AU - Best, John

    AU - Adams, Kent

    AU - de Beliso, Mark

    AU - Burke, Stephen

    AU - Kettunen, Jyrki

    AU - Heazlewood, Ian

    PY - 2011/12

    Y1 - 2011/12

    N2 - Introduction: Recent investigations into the heath of retired National Football League (NFL) players have identified increased cardiac risk factors/premature cardiovascular disease, cardiometabolic risk and type 2 diabetes. Surprisingly, there is no data available investigating the health of veteran rugby union players. The Golden Oldies World Rugby Festival (GORF) is held every two years for veteran rugby union players over the age of 35 years. Rugby union is one of the most popular team sports in Australia and New Zealand, with competitors similar in stature and physical abilities to NFL players. Therefore the purpose of this study was to investigate the medical and health demographics of competitors (aged 35+) of the 2010 GORF.Methodologies: A cross-sectional, observational study was completed using an on-line web-based questionnaire (LimeSurvey). The survey consisted of four sections. These results pertain to medical history (chronic diseases/disorders, prescribed medications) and physiological measures (Ht, Wt, waist, lipid profile, fasting plasma glucose) sections.Results: A total of 254 participants (35–78 yrs, X = 51.2 yrs) completed the survey. Data analysis was completed using independent (<50 yrs (n = 102) vs >50 yrs (n = 152)) and one sample (between populations) t-tests. Several measures such as body mass and cigarettes/wk differed significantly (all p < 0.05) between <50 yrs and >50 yrs. Results were: BMI (30.4 vs 29.6 kg/m2, NS), waist circumference (86.4 vs 92.3 cm, p < 0.05), SBP 122.2 vs 125.2 mmHg, NS) and DBP (78.6 vs 77.1 mmHg, NS). There were no significant differences between groups for cholesterol panel (total cholesterol (4.6 vs 5.0mmol/L), HDL-cholesterol (1.3 vs 1.5 mmol/L), LDL-cholesterol (2.1 vs 2.8 mmol/L), triglycerides (2.8 vs 2.4 mmol/L)) or blood glucose (5.5 vs 5.9 mmol/L). As a cohort, GORF competitors had the following incidence of chronic disorders (top 5): hypertension (15.3%), arthritis (OA/RA, 8.6%), asthma (8.6%), hypercholesterolemia (7.8%), diabetes (all types, 6.3%). When compared to the Australian general population (Australian Bureau of Statistics data, n = 15,779), GORF competitors had significantly higher incidence of anxiety (p < 0.01), depression (p < 0.01), diabetes (p < 0.05) and hypertension (p < 0.01). Collectively, GORF competitors were taking the following prescribed medications (top 5): anti-hypertensive (12.5%), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (6.3%), anti-diabetic (insulin or oral, 5.1%), anti-coagulant (4.3%) and bronchodilators (2.7%).Conclusions: This data represents the first collection of main outcomes of medical and health demographics in GORF competitors. GORF competitors presented with increased cardiovascular and metabolic risk, similar to that found in retired NFL linemen however, there was little difference between the two groups (<50 yrs vs >50 yrs). Preventative measures and further investigation in this cohort are warranted.

    AB - Introduction: Recent investigations into the heath of retired National Football League (NFL) players have identified increased cardiac risk factors/premature cardiovascular disease, cardiometabolic risk and type 2 diabetes. Surprisingly, there is no data available investigating the health of veteran rugby union players. The Golden Oldies World Rugby Festival (GORF) is held every two years for veteran rugby union players over the age of 35 years. Rugby union is one of the most popular team sports in Australia and New Zealand, with competitors similar in stature and physical abilities to NFL players. Therefore the purpose of this study was to investigate the medical and health demographics of competitors (aged 35+) of the 2010 GORF.Methodologies: A cross-sectional, observational study was completed using an on-line web-based questionnaire (LimeSurvey). The survey consisted of four sections. These results pertain to medical history (chronic diseases/disorders, prescribed medications) and physiological measures (Ht, Wt, waist, lipid profile, fasting plasma glucose) sections.Results: A total of 254 participants (35–78 yrs, X = 51.2 yrs) completed the survey. Data analysis was completed using independent (<50 yrs (n = 102) vs >50 yrs (n = 152)) and one sample (between populations) t-tests. Several measures such as body mass and cigarettes/wk differed significantly (all p < 0.05) between <50 yrs and >50 yrs. Results were: BMI (30.4 vs 29.6 kg/m2, NS), waist circumference (86.4 vs 92.3 cm, p < 0.05), SBP 122.2 vs 125.2 mmHg, NS) and DBP (78.6 vs 77.1 mmHg, NS). There were no significant differences between groups for cholesterol panel (total cholesterol (4.6 vs 5.0mmol/L), HDL-cholesterol (1.3 vs 1.5 mmol/L), LDL-cholesterol (2.1 vs 2.8 mmol/L), triglycerides (2.8 vs 2.4 mmol/L)) or blood glucose (5.5 vs 5.9 mmol/L). As a cohort, GORF competitors had the following incidence of chronic disorders (top 5): hypertension (15.3%), arthritis (OA/RA, 8.6%), asthma (8.6%), hypercholesterolemia (7.8%), diabetes (all types, 6.3%). When compared to the Australian general population (Australian Bureau of Statistics data, n = 15,779), GORF competitors had significantly higher incidence of anxiety (p < 0.01), depression (p < 0.01), diabetes (p < 0.05) and hypertension (p < 0.01). Collectively, GORF competitors were taking the following prescribed medications (top 5): anti-hypertensive (12.5%), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (6.3%), anti-diabetic (insulin or oral, 5.1%), anti-coagulant (4.3%) and bronchodilators (2.7%).Conclusions: This data represents the first collection of main outcomes of medical and health demographics in GORF competitors. GORF competitors presented with increased cardiovascular and metabolic risk, similar to that found in retired NFL linemen however, there was little difference between the two groups (<50 yrs vs >50 yrs). Preventative measures and further investigation in this cohort are warranted.

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    DO - 10.1016/j.jsams.2011.11.166

    M3 - Comment/debate

    VL - 14

    SP - e80-e80

    JO - Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport

    JF - Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport

    SN - 1440-2440

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    M1 - 164

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    Climstein M, Walsh J, Best J, Adams K, de Beliso M, Burke S et al. Demographics of veteran Rugby Union competitors. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 2011 Dec;14(Supplement 1):e80-e80. 164. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2011.11.166