Density Functional Theory Simulation of Dithienothiophen[3,2-b]-pyrrolobenzothiadiazole-Based Organic Solar Cells

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Abstract

We have simulated the effect of changing the end groups in BTP core with five organic units of 1,3-Indandione (IN), 2-thioxothiazolidin-4-one (Rhodanine), propanedinitrile (Malononitrile), (2-(6-oxo-5,6-dihydro-4H-cyclopenta[c]thiophen-4-ylidene)malononitrile) (CPTCN) and 2-(3-oxo-2,3-dihydroinden-1-ylidene (IC), and two halogenated units of (4F) IC and (4Cl) IC on the optical and photovoltaic properties of the BTP DA’D core molecular unit. Thus modified, seven molecular structures are considered and their optical properties, including HOMO and LUMO energies and absorption spectra are simulated in this paper. On the basis of HOMO and LUMO energies, it is found that two of the seven molecules, BTP-IN and BTP-Rhodanine, can act as donors and the other four, BTP-(4F) IC, BTP-(4Cl) IC, BTP-CPTCN and BTP-IC, as acceptors in designing bulk heterojunction (BHJ) organic solar cells (OSCs). Using these combinations of donors and acceptors in the active layer, eight BHJ OSCs, such as BTP-IN: BTP-(4F) IC, BTP-IN: BTP-(4Cl) IC, BTP-IN: BTP-CPTCN, BTP-IN: BTP-IC, BTP-Rhodanine: BTP-(4F) IC, BTP-Rhodanine: BTP-(4Cl) IC, BTP-Rhodanine: BTP-CPTCN and BTP-Rhodanine: BTP-IC, are designed, and their photovoltaic performance is simulated. The photovoltaic parameters (Formula presented.), (Formula presented.) and FF for all eight BHJ OSCs and their power conversion efficiency (PCE) are simulated. It is found that the BHJ OSC of the BTP-IN: BTP-CPTCN donor–acceptor blend gives the highest PCE (14.73%) and that of BTP-Rhodanine: BTP-(4F) IC gives the lowest PCE (12.07%). These results offer promising prospects for the fabrication of high-efficiency BHJ OSCs with the blend of both donor and acceptor based on the same core structure.

Original languageEnglish
Article number313
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalEnergies
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2024

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