Density Functional Theory Simulation of Optical and Photovoltaic Properties of DRTB-T Donor-Based Organic Solar Cells

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Abstract

Using the density functional theory (DFT), the influence of substitution of electron-donating (OCH3 and OH) and electron-accepting (F and Cl) groups on the peripheral thiophene units of DRTB-T donor molecule is studied. By optimizing the geometric structure, HOMO and LUMO energies, reorganization energies, optical properties, and photovoltaic properties are simulated. It is found that the ionization potential of the electron-donating derivatives (DRTB-4OCH3 and DRTB-4OH) reduces, but it increases for the electron-accepting derivatives (DRTB-4F and DRTB-4Cl) in comparison with that of DRTB-T. It is also found that the absorption spectra of the electron-donating derivatives (DRTB-4OCH3 and DRTB-4OH) get redshifted, but these get blueshifted for the electron-accepting derivatives (DRTB-4F and DRTB-4Cl) in comparison with those of DRTB-T. These changes in the electronic and optical properties of the modified structures result in higher PCE in BHJ OSCs with the blended active layer of DRTB-4F: NITI, DRTB-4Cl: NITI, in comparison with that of OSC with the active layer of DRTB-T: NITI, and the highest being 15.0% in DRTB-4Cl: NITI. Our results may be expected to provide valuable insights into design optimization, leading to the fabrication of more efficient OSCs.
Original languageEnglish
Article number6696446
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Energy Research
Volume2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Oct 2023

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