Developing a savanna burning emissions abatement methodology for tussock grasslands in high rainfall regions of northern Australia

Jeremy Russell-Smith, Cameron Yates, Jay Evans, Mark Desailly

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    Abstract

    Fire-prone tropical savanna and grassland systems are a significant source of atmospheric emissions of greenhouse gases. In recent years, substantial research has been directed towards developing accounting methodologies for savan-na burning emissions to be applied in Australia’s National Greenhouse Gas Inventory, as well as for commercial car-bon trading purposes. That work has focused on woody savanna systems. Here, we extend the methodological ap-proach to include tussock grasslands and associated Melaleuca-dominated open woodlands (<10% foliage cover) in higher rainfall (>1,000 mm/annum) regions of northern Australia. Field assessments under dry season conditions fo-cused on deriving fuel accumulation, fire patchiness and combustion relationships for key fuel types: fine fuels − grass and litter; coarse woody fuels − twigs <6 mm diameter; heavy woody fuels − >6 mm diameter; and shrubs. In contrast with previous savanna burning assessments, fire treatments undertaken under early dry season burning conditions re-sulted in negligible patchiness and very substantial consumption of fine fuels. In effect, burning in the early dry sea-son provides no benefits in greenhouse gas emissions and emissions reductions in tussock grasslands can be achieved only through reducing the extent of burning. The practical implications of reduced burning in higher rainfall northern Australian grassland systems are discussed, indicating that there are significant constraints, including infrastructural, cultural and woody thickening issues. Similar opportunities and constraints are observed in other international con-texts, but especially project implementation challenges associated with legislative, political and governance issues.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)175-187
    Number of pages13
    JournalTropical Grasslands - Forrajes Tropicales
    Volume2
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

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    tussock grassland
    savanna
    savannas
    grasslands
    rain
    rainfall
    methodology
    greenhouse gas
    patchiness
    dry season
    greenhouse gas emissions
    grassland
    Melaleuca
    carbon footprint
    governance
    automobile
    woodland
    combustion
    litter
    shrub

    Cite this

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    abstract = "Fire-prone tropical savanna and grassland systems are a significant source of atmospheric emissions of greenhouse gases. In recent years, substantial research has been directed towards developing accounting methodologies for savan-na burning emissions to be applied in Australia’s National Greenhouse Gas Inventory, as well as for commercial car-bon trading purposes. That work has focused on woody savanna systems. Here, we extend the methodological ap-proach to include tussock grasslands and associated Melaleuca-dominated open woodlands (<10{\%} foliage cover) in higher rainfall (>1,000 mm/annum) regions of northern Australia. Field assessments under dry season conditions fo-cused on deriving fuel accumulation, fire patchiness and combustion relationships for key fuel types: fine fuels − grass and litter; coarse woody fuels − twigs <6 mm diameter; heavy woody fuels − >6 mm diameter; and shrubs. In contrast with previous savanna burning assessments, fire treatments undertaken under early dry season burning conditions re-sulted in negligible patchiness and very substantial consumption of fine fuels. In effect, burning in the early dry sea-son provides no benefits in greenhouse gas emissions and emissions reductions in tussock grasslands can be achieved only through reducing the extent of burning. The practical implications of reduced burning in higher rainfall northern Australian grassland systems are discussed, indicating that there are significant constraints, including infrastructural, cultural and woody thickening issues. Similar opportunities and constraints are observed in other international con-texts, but especially project implementation challenges associated with legislative, political and governance issues.",
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    Developing a savanna burning emissions abatement methodology for tussock grasslands in high rainfall regions of northern Australia. / Russell-Smith, Jeremy; Yates, Cameron; Evans, Jay; Desailly, Mark.

    In: Tropical Grasslands - Forrajes Tropicales, Vol. 2, No. 2, 2014, p. 175-187.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

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    N2 - Fire-prone tropical savanna and grassland systems are a significant source of atmospheric emissions of greenhouse gases. In recent years, substantial research has been directed towards developing accounting methodologies for savan-na burning emissions to be applied in Australia’s National Greenhouse Gas Inventory, as well as for commercial car-bon trading purposes. That work has focused on woody savanna systems. Here, we extend the methodological ap-proach to include tussock grasslands and associated Melaleuca-dominated open woodlands (<10% foliage cover) in higher rainfall (>1,000 mm/annum) regions of northern Australia. Field assessments under dry season conditions fo-cused on deriving fuel accumulation, fire patchiness and combustion relationships for key fuel types: fine fuels − grass and litter; coarse woody fuels − twigs <6 mm diameter; heavy woody fuels − >6 mm diameter; and shrubs. In contrast with previous savanna burning assessments, fire treatments undertaken under early dry season burning conditions re-sulted in negligible patchiness and very substantial consumption of fine fuels. In effect, burning in the early dry sea-son provides no benefits in greenhouse gas emissions and emissions reductions in tussock grasslands can be achieved only through reducing the extent of burning. The practical implications of reduced burning in higher rainfall northern Australian grassland systems are discussed, indicating that there are significant constraints, including infrastructural, cultural and woody thickening issues. Similar opportunities and constraints are observed in other international con-texts, but especially project implementation challenges associated with legislative, political and governance issues.

    AB - Fire-prone tropical savanna and grassland systems are a significant source of atmospheric emissions of greenhouse gases. In recent years, substantial research has been directed towards developing accounting methodologies for savan-na burning emissions to be applied in Australia’s National Greenhouse Gas Inventory, as well as for commercial car-bon trading purposes. That work has focused on woody savanna systems. Here, we extend the methodological ap-proach to include tussock grasslands and associated Melaleuca-dominated open woodlands (<10% foliage cover) in higher rainfall (>1,000 mm/annum) regions of northern Australia. Field assessments under dry season conditions fo-cused on deriving fuel accumulation, fire patchiness and combustion relationships for key fuel types: fine fuels − grass and litter; coarse woody fuels − twigs <6 mm diameter; heavy woody fuels − >6 mm diameter; and shrubs. In contrast with previous savanna burning assessments, fire treatments undertaken under early dry season burning conditions re-sulted in negligible patchiness and very substantial consumption of fine fuels. In effect, burning in the early dry sea-son provides no benefits in greenhouse gas emissions and emissions reductions in tussock grasslands can be achieved only through reducing the extent of burning. The practical implications of reduced burning in higher rainfall northern Australian grassland systems are discussed, indicating that there are significant constraints, including infrastructural, cultural and woody thickening issues. Similar opportunities and constraints are observed in other international con-texts, but especially project implementation challenges associated with legislative, political and governance issues.

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