Differences in Participant Motivation Based on Category of Body Mass Index and Gender

Tim Heazlewood, Joseph Walsh, Mike Climstein, Kent Adams, T. Sevrene, Mark DeBeliso

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference Paper published in Proceedings

Abstract

Motivation is defined as “the directions and intensity of one’s effort” and is a significant factor in the selection of exercise and sport. Participant motivation evaluates those factors that enhance or inhibit motivation to participate and is represented by factors as health orientation, weight concern/weight loss and personal goal achievement. The research aim was to evaluate the differences in nine participant motivation factors based on health risk categories of body mass index (BMI) using four BMI categories of underweight, normal, overweight and obese and related to athlete gender. The nine participant motivation factors utilized in the study were health orientation, weight concern, personal goal achievement, competition, recognition, affiliation, psychological coping, life meaning and self-esteem. Male and female athletes competing at the 2009 World Masters Games, Sydney, Australia volunteered for the research (male; n = 3687; mean age = 53.72; SD = 10.05 and female; n = 3488; mean age = 49.39; SD = 9.15). Athletes completed an online survey using the Limesurveytm interactive survey system where they responded to a 56 item sport psychological instrument, the Motivations of Marathoners Scale. Results for male athletes significant differences (p < .001) were identified for BMI category with health orientation, weight concern, personal goal achievement, competition, affiliation, life meaning and self-esteem, although eta2 values were small (η 2 values .002–.020). For female athletes significant differences (p < .001) were identified for BMI category with health orientation, weight concern, personal goal achievement, competition, affiliation and self-esteem, although eta2 values were small (η 2 values .001–.017). No significant differences occurred for recognition, life meaning or psychological coping.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationApplied Psychology Readings
Subtitle of host publicationSelected Papers from Singapore Conference on Applied Psychology, 2016
EditorsMan-Tak Leung, Lee Ming Tan
PublisherSpringer Singapore
Pages125-135
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)978-981-10-2796-3
ISBN (Print)978-981-10-2795-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventSingapore Conference on Applied Psychology 2016 - Holiday Inn Singapore Atrium, Singapore
Duration: 14 Jun 201615 Jun 2016
https://scap.ear.com.sg/

Conference

ConferenceSingapore Conference on Applied Psychology 2016
Abbreviated titleSCAP 2016
CountrySingapore
Period14/06/1615/06/16
Internet address

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  • Cite this

    Heazlewood, T., Walsh, J., Climstein, M., Adams, K., Sevrene, T., & DeBeliso, M. (2016). Differences in Participant Motivation Based on Category of Body Mass Index and Gender. In M-T. Leung, & L. M. Tan (Eds.), Applied Psychology Readings: Selected Papers from Singapore Conference on Applied Psychology, 2016 (pp. 125-135). Springer Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-2796-3_9