Diversity, structure and convergent evolution of the global sponge microbiome

Torsten Thomas, Lucas Moitinho-Silva, Miguel Lurgi, Johannes R. Björk, Cole Easson, Carmen Astudillo-García, Julie B. Olson, Patrick M. Erwin, Susanna López-Legentil, Heidi Luter, Andia Chaves-Fonnegra, Rodrigo Costa, Peter J. Schupp, Laura Steindler, Dirk Erpenbeck, Jack Gilbert, Rob Knight, Gail Ackermann, Jose Victor Lopez, Michael W. Taylor & 4 others Robert W. Thacker, Jose M. Montoya, Ute Hentschel, Nicole S. Webster

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    Abstract

    Sponges (phylum Porifera) are early-diverging metazoa renowned for establishing complex microbial symbioses. Here we present a global Porifera microbiome survey, set out to establish the ecological and evolutionary drivers of these host-microbe interactions. We show that sponges are a reservoir of exceptional microbial diversity and major contributors to the total microbial diversity of the world's oceans. Little commonality in species composition or structure is evident across the phylum, although symbiont communities are characterized by specialists and generalists rather than opportunists. Core sponge microbiomes are stable and characterized by generalist symbionts exhibiting amensal and/or commensal interactions. Symbionts that are phylogenetically unique to sponges do not disproportionally contribute to the core microbiome, and host phylogeny impacts complexity rather than composition of the symbiont community. Our findings support a model of independent assembly and evolution in symbiont communities across the entire host phylum, with convergent forces resulting in analogous community organization and interactions.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number11870
    Pages (from-to)1-12
    Number of pages12
    JournalNature Communications
    Volume7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

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    Microbiota
    Porifera
    Chemical analysis
    symbiosis
    commonality
    interactions
    microorganisms
    animals
    oceans
    Symbiosis
    assembly
    Phylogeny
    Oceans and Seas
    Organizations

    Cite this

    Thomas, T., Moitinho-Silva, L., Lurgi, M., Björk, J. R., Easson, C., Astudillo-García, C., ... Webster, N. S. (2016). Diversity, structure and convergent evolution of the global sponge microbiome. Nature Communications, 7, 1-12. [11870]. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms11870
    Thomas, Torsten ; Moitinho-Silva, Lucas ; Lurgi, Miguel ; Björk, Johannes R. ; Easson, Cole ; Astudillo-García, Carmen ; Olson, Julie B. ; Erwin, Patrick M. ; López-Legentil, Susanna ; Luter, Heidi ; Chaves-Fonnegra, Andia ; Costa, Rodrigo ; Schupp, Peter J. ; Steindler, Laura ; Erpenbeck, Dirk ; Gilbert, Jack ; Knight, Rob ; Ackermann, Gail ; Victor Lopez, Jose ; Taylor, Michael W. ; Thacker, Robert W. ; Montoya, Jose M. ; Hentschel, Ute ; Webster, Nicole S. / Diversity, structure and convergent evolution of the global sponge microbiome. In: Nature Communications. 2016 ; Vol. 7. pp. 1-12.
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    abstract = "Sponges (phylum Porifera) are early-diverging metazoa renowned for establishing complex microbial symbioses. Here we present a global Porifera microbiome survey, set out to establish the ecological and evolutionary drivers of these host-microbe interactions. We show that sponges are a reservoir of exceptional microbial diversity and major contributors to the total microbial diversity of the world's oceans. Little commonality in species composition or structure is evident across the phylum, although symbiont communities are characterized by specialists and generalists rather than opportunists. Core sponge microbiomes are stable and characterized by generalist symbionts exhibiting amensal and/or commensal interactions. Symbionts that are phylogenetically unique to sponges do not disproportionally contribute to the core microbiome, and host phylogeny impacts complexity rather than composition of the symbiont community. Our findings support a model of independent assembly and evolution in symbiont communities across the entire host phylum, with convergent forces resulting in analogous community organization and interactions.",
    author = "Torsten Thomas and Lucas Moitinho-Silva and Miguel Lurgi and Bj{\"o}rk, {Johannes R.} and Cole Easson and Carmen Astudillo-Garc{\'i}a and Olson, {Julie B.} and Erwin, {Patrick M.} and Susanna L{\'o}pez-Legentil and Heidi Luter and Andia Chaves-Fonnegra and Rodrigo Costa and Schupp, {Peter J.} and Laura Steindler and Dirk Erpenbeck and Jack Gilbert and Rob Knight and Gail Ackermann and {Victor Lopez}, Jose and Taylor, {Michael W.} and Thacker, {Robert W.} and Montoya, {Jose M.} and Ute Hentschel and Webster, {Nicole S.}",
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    Thomas, T, Moitinho-Silva, L, Lurgi, M, Björk, JR, Easson, C, Astudillo-García, C, Olson, JB, Erwin, PM, López-Legentil, S, Luter, H, Chaves-Fonnegra, A, Costa, R, Schupp, PJ, Steindler, L, Erpenbeck, D, Gilbert, J, Knight, R, Ackermann, G, Victor Lopez, J, Taylor, MW, Thacker, RW, Montoya, JM, Hentschel, U & Webster, NS 2016, 'Diversity, structure and convergent evolution of the global sponge microbiome', Nature Communications, vol. 7, 11870, pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms11870

    Diversity, structure and convergent evolution of the global sponge microbiome. / Thomas, Torsten; Moitinho-Silva, Lucas; Lurgi, Miguel; Björk, Johannes R.; Easson, Cole; Astudillo-García, Carmen; Olson, Julie B.; Erwin, Patrick M.; López-Legentil, Susanna; Luter, Heidi; Chaves-Fonnegra, Andia; Costa, Rodrigo; Schupp, Peter J.; Steindler, Laura; Erpenbeck, Dirk; Gilbert, Jack; Knight, Rob; Ackermann, Gail; Victor Lopez, Jose; Taylor, Michael W.; Thacker, Robert W.; Montoya, Jose M.; Hentschel, Ute; Webster, Nicole S.

    In: Nature Communications, Vol. 7, 11870, 2016, p. 1-12.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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    Thomas T, Moitinho-Silva L, Lurgi M, Björk JR, Easson C, Astudillo-García C et al. Diversity, structure and convergent evolution of the global sponge microbiome. Nature Communications. 2016;7:1-12. 11870. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms11870