DNA barcoding and phylogenetic analysis of midges belonging to Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) subgenus Hoffmania in Yunnan, China

Ying Liang Duan, Glenn Bellis, Zhen Xing Yang, Zhan Hong Li, Bing Gang Liu, Le Li

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    DNA barcodes obtained from cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1) offer a fast and easy way to identify a range of biological organisms. Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are a group of small, blood sucking midges whose species are the vectors for some arboviruses, such as bluetongue virus, African horse sickness virus, epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus and equine encephalosis virus. Identification of these small insects is difficult so constructing DNA barcode libraries for species present in certain areas is helpful to clarify the taxonomy and assist non-specialist workers to identify species. In this study, we analysed specimens belonging to C. subgenus Hoffmania collected from 12 towns of Yunnan Province, China. Specimens were identified by morphology and processed to construct DNA barcodes. A total of 185 specimens referable to 6 morphological species were processed for cox1 and 28S rRNA sequencing. The resulting 185 cox1 sequences were assigned to 13 barcode index numbers (BINs) which include 9 novel BINs. Molecular and morphological evidence was used to support the transfer of 4 species previously assigned to C. subg. Avaritia into C. subg. Hoffmania. Molecular analysis revealed the presence of 7 potential cryptic species within C. innoxius, three within C. liui and two within C. insignipennis.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number101989
    Pages (from-to)1-9
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Asia Pacific Entomology
    Volume25
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

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