Do histopathological features of breast cancer in Australian Indigenous women explain the survival disparity? A two decade long study in the Northern Territory

David J. Read, Sophia Frentzas, Linda Ward, De Ieso Paolo, Samantha Chen, Vanitha Devi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Aims: In the Northern Territory (NT) of Australia, Indigenous women have a lower incidence of breast cancer, but a higher mortality than Non-indigenous women. The aim of this study was to describe and compare breast cancer pathological features related to stage and biological aggression between the two groups. 

    Methods: Subjects were identified by extract from the NT Cancer Registry in two separate cohorts, cohort 1 (1991-2000) and cohort 2 (2001-2010). Data from cohort 1 included age, stage, tumor grade and estrogen receptor status (ER) and treatment completion. Additional pathological variables including tumor size, HER2 status, lymphovascular invasion and derived tumor phenotype were available for cohort 2. Bivariate P values for categoric variables were calculated using Fisher's exact tests.  The Wilcoxon rank-sum test was used to compare cohort 2. Logistic regression was used to calculate odds ratios. 

    Results: There were 359 (44 indigenous) eligible women in cohort 1 and 526 (100 indigenous) for cohort 2. In cohort 1, in both cohorts, indigenous women were more likely to present at an advanced stage, but there was no difference in ER status or tumor grade. When derived phenotypes were compared, indigenous women were less likely to have better prognosis luminal A tumors, and more likely to have HER2-enriched tumors. 

    Conclusion: This two decade long comparison of the pathological features of breast cancer between indigenous and nonindigenous women of the NT has confirmed that Indigenous women not only present at a later stage than NI women but are also afflicted by poorer prognosis tumors, particularly HER2 enriched.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)348-355
    Number of pages8
    JournalAsia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
    Volume16
    Issue number6
    Early online date23 Jun 2020
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

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