Does leaving an abusive partner lead to a decline in victimization?

Zohre Ahmadabadi, Jackob M. Najman, Gail M. Williams, Alexandra M. Clavarino, Peter D'Abbs, Nargess Saiepour

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Abstract

Background: This paper investigates gender differences in persistence of intimate partner violence (IPV), for those remaining or leaving an abusive relationship. We followed a sample of males and females to examine whether leaving an abusive partner may alter the continuity of victimization. 

Methods: Data were taken from the 21 and 30-year follow-ups of the Mater Hospital and University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy (MUSP) in Australia. A cohort of 1265 respondents, including 874 females and 391 males, completed a 21-item version of the Composite Abuse Scale. 

Results: We found proportionally similar rates of IPV victimization for males and females at both the 21 and 30 year follow-ups. Females who reported they had an abusive partner at the 21 year follow-up were more likely to subsequently change their partner than did males. Harassment and then emotional abuse appeared to have a stronger association for females leaving a partner. For males, a reported history of IPV was not significantly associated with leaving the partner. There was no significant association between leaving (or not) a previous abusive relationship and later victimization, either for male or female respondents. 

Conclusion: Changing a partner does not interrupt the continuity of victimization either for male or female respondents, and previous IPV victimization remained a determining factor of re-abuse, despite re-partnering.

Original languageEnglish
Article number404
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Mar 2018

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Crime Victims
Queensland
Mothers
Pregnancy
Intimate Partner Violence
Surveys and Questionnaires

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Ahmadabadi, Z., Najman, J. M., Williams, G. M., Clavarino, A. M., D'Abbs, P., & Saiepour, N. (2018). Does leaving an abusive partner lead to a decline in victimization? BMC Public Health, 18, 1-9. [404]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5330-z
Ahmadabadi, Zohre ; Najman, Jackob M. ; Williams, Gail M. ; Clavarino, Alexandra M. ; D'Abbs, Peter ; Saiepour, Nargess. / Does leaving an abusive partner lead to a decline in victimization?. In: BMC Public Health. 2018 ; Vol. 18. pp. 1-9.
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Ahmadabadi, Z, Najman, JM, Williams, GM, Clavarino, AM, D'Abbs, P & Saiepour, N 2018, 'Does leaving an abusive partner lead to a decline in victimization?', BMC Public Health, vol. 18, 404, pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5330-z

Does leaving an abusive partner lead to a decline in victimization? / Ahmadabadi, Zohre; Najman, Jackob M.; Williams, Gail M.; Clavarino, Alexandra M.; D'Abbs, Peter; Saiepour, Nargess.

In: BMC Public Health, Vol. 18, 404, 27.03.2018, p. 1-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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Ahmadabadi Z, Najman JM, Williams GM, Clavarino AM, D'Abbs P, Saiepour N. Does leaving an abusive partner lead to a decline in victimization? BMC Public Health. 2018 Mar 27;18:1-9. 404. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5330-z