Dynamic trends in household poverty and inequality in Sri Lanka

do gender and ethnicity matter?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The heterogeneity in female-headed households (FHHs) and the differences in household size and composition make the comparison of poverty across male- and FHHs’ complex. The differences in ethno-religion and patriarchal social norms embedded in the various cultures to which these female heads belong also create extra challenges when analysing female headship and poverty. This study, which investigates the poverty and expenditure inequality by gender of the head of the household in Sri Lanka, has a special focus on Sinhala and Tamil ethnic groups. This article makes a significant contribution to the literature on horizontal inequalities in FHHs across communities. Our results indicate that, while FHHs show a higher prevalence of poverty than their male counterparts in both Sinhala and Tamil households, the Tamil FHHs are more vulnerable to poverty.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)208-223
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of the Asia Pacific Economy
Volume24
Issue number2
Early online date6 May 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019

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female headed household
ethnicity
Sri Lanka
poverty
gender
Tamil
trend
household size
ethnic group
Social Norms
religion
expenditure
expenditures
Religion
household
community

Cite this

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title = "Dynamic trends in household poverty and inequality in Sri Lanka: do gender and ethnicity matter?",
abstract = "The heterogeneity in female-headed households (FHHs) and the differences in household size and composition make the comparison of poverty across male- and FHHs’ complex. The differences in ethno-religion and patriarchal social norms embedded in the various cultures to which these female heads belong also create extra challenges when analysing female headship and poverty. This study, which investigates the poverty and expenditure inequality by gender of the head of the household in Sri Lanka, has a special focus on Sinhala and Tamil ethnic groups. This article makes a significant contribution to the literature on horizontal inequalities in FHHs across communities. Our results indicate that, while FHHs show a higher prevalence of poverty than their male counterparts in both Sinhala and Tamil households, the Tamil FHHs are more vulnerable to poverty.",
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Dynamic trends in household poverty and inequality in Sri Lanka : do gender and ethnicity matter? / Jayasinghe, Maneka.

In: Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy, Vol. 24, No. 2, 06.2019, p. 208-223.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AB - The heterogeneity in female-headed households (FHHs) and the differences in household size and composition make the comparison of poverty across male- and FHHs’ complex. The differences in ethno-religion and patriarchal social norms embedded in the various cultures to which these female heads belong also create extra challenges when analysing female headship and poverty. This study, which investigates the poverty and expenditure inequality by gender of the head of the household in Sri Lanka, has a special focus on Sinhala and Tamil ethnic groups. This article makes a significant contribution to the literature on horizontal inequalities in FHHs across communities. Our results indicate that, while FHHs show a higher prevalence of poverty than their male counterparts in both Sinhala and Tamil households, the Tamil FHHs are more vulnerable to poverty.

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