Economic analysis of Ethiopian farmers' preferences for crop variety attributes

A choice experiment approach

Sinafikeh Asrat Gemessa, Kerstin K. Zander

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Ethiopia has immense wealth of crop genetic resources, which is due to its diverse agro-ecology and cultural diversity.The country’s genetic resources are, however, subject to serious erosion and irreversible losses due to policy, institutional and market failures. This study aims to contribute to a better understanding of the challenges with bearings on the sustainable management of crop genetic diversity through analysing farmers’ crop variety attribute preferences and identifying the key socio-economic factors that condition their attribute preferences.The study applied a choice experiment (CE) method to elicit preferences and estimate the relative importance of the attributes in defining the perceived utility to be derived from four traits of sorghum and teff varieties, the two major food crops in the
    country (as a source of staple food for many parts of the country, teff, an annual grass, is primarily grown to prepare Ethiopian bread known as ‘injera’, porridge and some native alcoholic drinks).The attributes included selling price, productivity, environmental adaptability (resistance to drought, poor soil and frost
    occurrences) and yield stability of the variety despite occurrences of disease and pest problems. The analysis of farmers’ preferences was based on primary data collected from farmers growing 131 teff and sorghum in the northeastern part of Ethiopia. Farm households attached the highest private value to the environmental adaptability trait of both sorghum and teff crops. This was followed by yield ES_EMCDO_25-10 1/11/10 10:12 Page 25
    stability and productivity attributes of the same crops. The results also reveal that differences between farm households, in terms of household characteristics, their endowments and constraints, and the level of development integration (in the areas of basic infrastructure and agricultural extension) affect farmers’ private valuation of crop variety attributes. Based on the empirical results, the chapter
    derives policy implications in the areas of on-farm conservation and improved variety use in Ethiopia.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationThe Economics of Managing Crop Diversity On-Farm
    Subtitle of host publicationCase Studies from the Genetic Resources Policy Initiative
    EditorsEdilegnaw Wale, Adam G. Drucker, Kerstin K. Zander
    Place of PublicationUK
    PublisherTaylor & Francis
    Chapter2
    Pages25-44
    Number of pages20
    Edition1st
    ISBN (Electronic)978-1-84971-222-4
    ISBN (Print)978-184977564-9, 978-1-84971-221-7
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

    Fingerprint

    Eragrostis
    Eragrostis tef
    economic analysis
    Ethiopia
    Sorghum
    Sorghum (Poaceae)
    Economics
    farmers
    households
    crop
    cultivars
    genetic resources
    farms
    sorghum
    crops
    experiment
    Organizational Policy
    agroecology
    genetic resource
    multicultural diversity

    Cite this

    Gemessa, S. A., & Zander, K. K. (2012). Economic analysis of Ethiopian farmers' preferences for crop variety attributes: A choice experiment approach. In E. Wale, A. G. Drucker, & K. K. Zander (Eds.), The Economics of Managing Crop Diversity On-Farm: Case Studies from the Genetic Resources Policy Initiative (1st ed., pp. 25-44). UK: Taylor & Francis.
    Gemessa, Sinafikeh Asrat ; Zander, Kerstin K. / Economic analysis of Ethiopian farmers' preferences for crop variety attributes : A choice experiment approach. The Economics of Managing Crop Diversity On-Farm: Case Studies from the Genetic Resources Policy Initiative. editor / Edilegnaw Wale ; Adam G. Drucker ; Kerstin K. Zander. 1st. ed. UK : Taylor & Francis, 2012. pp. 25-44
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    abstract = "Ethiopia has immense wealth of crop genetic resources, which is due to its diverse agro-ecology and cultural diversity.The country’s genetic resources are, however, subject to serious erosion and irreversible losses due to policy, institutional and market failures. This study aims to contribute to a better understanding of the challenges with bearings on the sustainable management of crop genetic diversity through analysing farmers’ crop variety attribute preferences and identifying the key socio-economic factors that condition their attribute preferences.The study applied a choice experiment (CE) method to elicit preferences and estimate the relative importance of the attributes in defining the perceived utility to be derived from four traits of sorghum and teff varieties, the two major food crops in thecountry (as a source of staple food for many parts of the country, teff, an annual grass, is primarily grown to prepare Ethiopian bread known as ‘injera’, porridge and some native alcoholic drinks).The attributes included selling price, productivity, environmental adaptability (resistance to drought, poor soil and frostoccurrences) and yield stability of the variety despite occurrences of disease and pest problems. The analysis of farmers’ preferences was based on primary data collected from farmers growing 131 teff and sorghum in the northeastern part of Ethiopia. Farm households attached the highest private value to the environmental adaptability trait of both sorghum and teff crops. This was followed by yield ES_EMCDO_25-10 1/11/10 10:12 Page 25stability and productivity attributes of the same crops. The results also reveal that differences between farm households, in terms of household characteristics, their endowments and constraints, and the level of development integration (in the areas of basic infrastructure and agricultural extension) affect farmers’ private valuation of crop variety attributes. Based on the empirical results, the chapterderives policy implications in the areas of on-farm conservation and improved variety use in Ethiopia.",
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    Gemessa, SA & Zander, KK 2012, Economic analysis of Ethiopian farmers' preferences for crop variety attributes: A choice experiment approach. in E Wale, AG Drucker & KK Zander (eds), The Economics of Managing Crop Diversity On-Farm: Case Studies from the Genetic Resources Policy Initiative. 1st edn, Taylor & Francis, UK, pp. 25-44.

    Economic analysis of Ethiopian farmers' preferences for crop variety attributes : A choice experiment approach. / Gemessa, Sinafikeh Asrat; Zander, Kerstin K.

    The Economics of Managing Crop Diversity On-Farm: Case Studies from the Genetic Resources Policy Initiative. ed. / Edilegnaw Wale; Adam G. Drucker; Kerstin K. Zander. 1st. ed. UK : Taylor & Francis, 2012. p. 25-44.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterResearchpeer-review

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    N2 - Ethiopia has immense wealth of crop genetic resources, which is due to its diverse agro-ecology and cultural diversity.The country’s genetic resources are, however, subject to serious erosion and irreversible losses due to policy, institutional and market failures. This study aims to contribute to a better understanding of the challenges with bearings on the sustainable management of crop genetic diversity through analysing farmers’ crop variety attribute preferences and identifying the key socio-economic factors that condition their attribute preferences.The study applied a choice experiment (CE) method to elicit preferences and estimate the relative importance of the attributes in defining the perceived utility to be derived from four traits of sorghum and teff varieties, the two major food crops in thecountry (as a source of staple food for many parts of the country, teff, an annual grass, is primarily grown to prepare Ethiopian bread known as ‘injera’, porridge and some native alcoholic drinks).The attributes included selling price, productivity, environmental adaptability (resistance to drought, poor soil and frostoccurrences) and yield stability of the variety despite occurrences of disease and pest problems. The analysis of farmers’ preferences was based on primary data collected from farmers growing 131 teff and sorghum in the northeastern part of Ethiopia. Farm households attached the highest private value to the environmental adaptability trait of both sorghum and teff crops. This was followed by yield ES_EMCDO_25-10 1/11/10 10:12 Page 25stability and productivity attributes of the same crops. The results also reveal that differences between farm households, in terms of household characteristics, their endowments and constraints, and the level of development integration (in the areas of basic infrastructure and agricultural extension) affect farmers’ private valuation of crop variety attributes. Based on the empirical results, the chapterderives policy implications in the areas of on-farm conservation and improved variety use in Ethiopia.

    AB - Ethiopia has immense wealth of crop genetic resources, which is due to its diverse agro-ecology and cultural diversity.The country’s genetic resources are, however, subject to serious erosion and irreversible losses due to policy, institutional and market failures. This study aims to contribute to a better understanding of the challenges with bearings on the sustainable management of crop genetic diversity through analysing farmers’ crop variety attribute preferences and identifying the key socio-economic factors that condition their attribute preferences.The study applied a choice experiment (CE) method to elicit preferences and estimate the relative importance of the attributes in defining the perceived utility to be derived from four traits of sorghum and teff varieties, the two major food crops in thecountry (as a source of staple food for many parts of the country, teff, an annual grass, is primarily grown to prepare Ethiopian bread known as ‘injera’, porridge and some native alcoholic drinks).The attributes included selling price, productivity, environmental adaptability (resistance to drought, poor soil and frostoccurrences) and yield stability of the variety despite occurrences of disease and pest problems. The analysis of farmers’ preferences was based on primary data collected from farmers growing 131 teff and sorghum in the northeastern part of Ethiopia. Farm households attached the highest private value to the environmental adaptability trait of both sorghum and teff crops. This was followed by yield ES_EMCDO_25-10 1/11/10 10:12 Page 25stability and productivity attributes of the same crops. The results also reveal that differences between farm households, in terms of household characteristics, their endowments and constraints, and the level of development integration (in the areas of basic infrastructure and agricultural extension) affect farmers’ private valuation of crop variety attributes. Based on the empirical results, the chapterderives policy implications in the areas of on-farm conservation and improved variety use in Ethiopia.

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    Gemessa SA, Zander KK. Economic analysis of Ethiopian farmers' preferences for crop variety attributes: A choice experiment approach. In Wale E, Drucker AG, Zander KK, editors, The Economics of Managing Crop Diversity On-Farm: Case Studies from the Genetic Resources Policy Initiative. 1st ed. UK: Taylor & Francis. 2012. p. 25-44