Economic analysis of Ethiopian farmers' preferences for crop variety traits: a choice experiment approach

Kerstin Zander, Sinafikeh Asrat Gemessa

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


    Ethiopia has immense wealth of crop genetic resources, which is due to its diverse agro-ecology and cultural diversity.The country’s genetic resources are, however, subject to serious erosion and irreversible losses due to policy, institutional and market failures. This study aims to contribute to a better understanding of the challenges with bearings on the sustainable management of crop genetic diversity through analysing farmers’ crop variety attribute preferences and identifying the key socio-economic factors that condition their attribute preferences.The study applied a choice experiment (CE) method to elicit preferences and estimate the relative importance of the attributes in defining the perceived utility to be derived from four traits of sorghum and teff varieties, the two major food crops in the
    country (as a source of staple food for many parts of the country, teff, an annual grass, is primarily grown to prepare Ethiopian bread known as ‘injera’, porridge and some native alcoholic drinks).The attributes included selling price, productivity, environmental adaptability (resistance to drought, poor soil and frost
    occurrences) and yield stability of the variety despite occurrences of disease and pest problems. The analysis of farmers’ preferences was based on primary data collected from farmers growing 131 teff and sorghum in the northeastern part of Ethiopia. Farm households attached the highest private value to the environmental adaptability trait of both sorghum and teff crops. This was followed by yield ES_EMCDO_25-10 1/11/10 10:12 Page 25
    stability and productivity attributes of the same crops. The results also reveal that differences between farm households, in terms of household characteristics, their endowments and constraints, and the level of development integration (in the areas of basic infrastructure and agricultural extension) affect farmers’ private valuation of crop variety attributes. Based on the empirical results, the chapter
    derives policy implications in the areas of on-farm conservation and improved variety use in Ethiopia.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationThe Economics of Managing Crop Diversity On-Farm
    Subtitle of host publicationCase Studies from the Genetic Resources Policy Initiative
    EditorsEdilegnaw Wale, Adam G. Drucker, Kerstin K. Zander
    Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
    PublisherTaylor & Francis
    Number of pages20
    ISBN (Electronic)978-1-84971-222-4
    ISBN (Print)978-184977564-9, 978-1-84971-221-7
    Publication statusPublished - 2011


    Dive into the research topics of 'Economic analysis of Ethiopian farmers' preferences for crop variety traits: a choice experiment approach'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this