Effects of a multiple health behavior change intervention for colorectal cancer survivors on psychosocial outcomes and quality of life

a Randomized Controlled Trial

Anna Hawkes, Kenneth Pakenham, Suzanne Chambers, Tania Patrao, Kerry Courneya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Multiple health behavior change can ameliorate adverse effects of cancer.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a multiple health behavior change intervention (CanChange) for colorectal cancer survivors on psychosocial outcomes and quality of life.

Methods: A total of 410 colorectal cancer survivors were randomized to a 6-month telephone-based health coaching intervention (11 sessions using acceptance and commitment therapy strategies focusing on physical activity, weight management, diet, alcohol, and smoking) or usual care. Posttraumatic growth, spirituality, acceptance, mindfulness, distress, and quality of life were assessed at baseline, 6 and 12months.

Results: Significant intervention effects were observed for posttraumatic growth at 6 (7.5, p < 0.001) and 12 months (4.1, p = 0.033), spirituality at 6 months (1.8, p = 0.011), acceptance at 6 months (0.2, p = 0.005), and quality of life at 6 (0.8, p = 0.049) and 12 months (0.9, p = 0.037).

Conclusions: The intervention improved psychosocial outcomes and quality of life (physical well-being) at 6 months with most effects still present at 12 months.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)359-370
Number of pages12
JournalAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
Volume48
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Health Behavior
Survivors
Colorectal Neoplasms
Randomized Controlled Trials
Quality of Life
Spirituality
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy
Mindfulness
Growth
Telephone
Smoking
Alcohols
Exercise
Diet
Weights and Measures
Health
Neoplasms

Cite this

Hawkes, Anna ; Pakenham, Kenneth ; Chambers, Suzanne ; Patrao, Tania ; Courneya, Kerry. / Effects of a multiple health behavior change intervention for colorectal cancer survivors on psychosocial outcomes and quality of life : a Randomized Controlled Trial. In: Annals of Behavioral Medicine. 2014 ; Vol. 48, No. 3. pp. 359-370.
@article{97ec5b415a6144008df595ce5b5b43da,
title = "Effects of a multiple health behavior change intervention for colorectal cancer survivors on psychosocial outcomes and quality of life: a Randomized Controlled Trial",
abstract = "Background: Multiple health behavior change can ameliorate adverse effects of cancer.Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a multiple health behavior change intervention (CanChange) for colorectal cancer survivors on psychosocial outcomes and quality of life.Methods: A total of 410 colorectal cancer survivors were randomized to a 6-month telephone-based health coaching intervention (11 sessions using acceptance and commitment therapy strategies focusing on physical activity, weight management, diet, alcohol, and smoking) or usual care. Posttraumatic growth, spirituality, acceptance, mindfulness, distress, and quality of life were assessed at baseline, 6 and 12months.Results: Significant intervention effects were observed for posttraumatic growth at 6 (7.5, p < 0.001) and 12 months (4.1, p = 0.033), spirituality at 6 months (1.8, p = 0.011), acceptance at 6 months (0.2, p = 0.005), and quality of life at 6 (0.8, p = 0.049) and 12 months (0.9, p = 0.037).Conclusions: The intervention improved psychosocial outcomes and quality of life (physical well-being) at 6 months with most effects still present at 12 months.",
keywords = "aged, colorectal tumor, controlled study, female, health behavior, human, male, middle aged, patient education, procedures, psychology, psychotherapy, quality of life, randomized controlled trial, survivor, telephone, treatment outcome, Aged, Colorectal Neoplasms, Female, Health Behavior, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Patient Education as Topic, Psychotherapy, Quality of Life, Survivors, Telephone, Treatment Outcome",
author = "Anna Hawkes and Kenneth Pakenham and Suzanne Chambers and Tania Patrao and Kerry Courneya",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1007/s12160-014-9610-2",
language = "English",
volume = "48",
pages = "359--370",
journal = "Annals of Behavioral Medicine",
issn = "0883-6612",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "3",

}

Effects of a multiple health behavior change intervention for colorectal cancer survivors on psychosocial outcomes and quality of life : a Randomized Controlled Trial. / Hawkes, Anna; Pakenham, Kenneth; Chambers, Suzanne; Patrao, Tania; Courneya, Kerry.

In: Annals of Behavioral Medicine, Vol. 48, No. 3, 2014, p. 359-370.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of a multiple health behavior change intervention for colorectal cancer survivors on psychosocial outcomes and quality of life

T2 - a Randomized Controlled Trial

AU - Hawkes, Anna

AU - Pakenham, Kenneth

AU - Chambers, Suzanne

AU - Patrao, Tania

AU - Courneya, Kerry

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Background: Multiple health behavior change can ameliorate adverse effects of cancer.Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a multiple health behavior change intervention (CanChange) for colorectal cancer survivors on psychosocial outcomes and quality of life.Methods: A total of 410 colorectal cancer survivors were randomized to a 6-month telephone-based health coaching intervention (11 sessions using acceptance and commitment therapy strategies focusing on physical activity, weight management, diet, alcohol, and smoking) or usual care. Posttraumatic growth, spirituality, acceptance, mindfulness, distress, and quality of life were assessed at baseline, 6 and 12months.Results: Significant intervention effects were observed for posttraumatic growth at 6 (7.5, p < 0.001) and 12 months (4.1, p = 0.033), spirituality at 6 months (1.8, p = 0.011), acceptance at 6 months (0.2, p = 0.005), and quality of life at 6 (0.8, p = 0.049) and 12 months (0.9, p = 0.037).Conclusions: The intervention improved psychosocial outcomes and quality of life (physical well-being) at 6 months with most effects still present at 12 months.

AB - Background: Multiple health behavior change can ameliorate adverse effects of cancer.Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a multiple health behavior change intervention (CanChange) for colorectal cancer survivors on psychosocial outcomes and quality of life.Methods: A total of 410 colorectal cancer survivors were randomized to a 6-month telephone-based health coaching intervention (11 sessions using acceptance and commitment therapy strategies focusing on physical activity, weight management, diet, alcohol, and smoking) or usual care. Posttraumatic growth, spirituality, acceptance, mindfulness, distress, and quality of life were assessed at baseline, 6 and 12months.Results: Significant intervention effects were observed for posttraumatic growth at 6 (7.5, p < 0.001) and 12 months (4.1, p = 0.033), spirituality at 6 months (1.8, p = 0.011), acceptance at 6 months (0.2, p = 0.005), and quality of life at 6 (0.8, p = 0.049) and 12 months (0.9, p = 0.037).Conclusions: The intervention improved psychosocial outcomes and quality of life (physical well-being) at 6 months with most effects still present at 12 months.

KW - aged

KW - colorectal tumor

KW - controlled study

KW - female

KW - health behavior

KW - human

KW - male

KW - middle aged

KW - patient education

KW - procedures

KW - psychology

KW - psychotherapy

KW - quality of life

KW - randomized controlled trial

KW - survivor

KW - telephone

KW - treatment outcome

KW - Aged

KW - Colorectal Neoplasms

KW - Female

KW - Health Behavior

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Patient Education as Topic

KW - Psychotherapy

KW - Quality of Life

KW - Survivors

KW - Telephone

KW - Treatment Outcome

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84937130868&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s12160-014-9610-2

DO - 10.1007/s12160-014-9610-2

M3 - Article

VL - 48

SP - 359

EP - 370

JO - Annals of Behavioral Medicine

JF - Annals of Behavioral Medicine

SN - 0883-6612

IS - 3

ER -